java – 是否最好在循环中重用StringBuilder?

我有一个性能相关的问题关于使用StringBuilder。
在一个很长的循环中,我操纵一个StringBuilder,并将其传递给另一个方法,像这样:

for (loop condition) {
    StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
    sb.append("some string");
    . . .
    sb.append(anotherString);
    . . .
    passToMethod(sb.toString());
}

在每个循环实例化StringBuilder是一个很好的解决方案?并且更好地调用一个删除,像下面?

StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
for (loop condition) {
    sb.delete(0, sb.length);
    sb.append("some string");
    . . .
    sb.append(anotherString);
    . . .
    passToMethod(sb.toString());
}
第二个在我的迷你基准测试中快了大约25%。

public class ScratchPad {

    static String a;

    public static void main( String[] args ) throws Exception {
        long time = System.currentTimeMillis();
        for( int i = 0; i < 10000000; i++ ) {
            StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
            sb.append( "someString" );
            sb.append( "someString2"+i );
            sb.append( "someStrin4g"+i );
            sb.append( "someStr5ing"+i );
            sb.append( "someSt7ring"+i );
            a = sb.toString();
        }
        System.out.println( System.currentTimeMillis()-time );
        time = System.currentTimeMillis();
        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
        for( int i = 0; i < 10000000; i++ ) {
            sb.delete( 0, sb.length() );
            sb.append( "someString" );
            sb.append( "someString2"+i );
            sb.append( "someStrin4g"+i );
            sb.append( "someStr5ing"+i );
            sb.append( "someSt7ring"+i );
            a = sb.toString();
        }
        System.out.println( System.currentTimeMillis()-time );
    }
}

结果:

25265
17969

注意这是用JRE 1.6.0_07。

基于Jon Skeet的想法在编辑,这里的版本2.同样的结果。

public class ScratchPad {

    static String a;

    public static void main( String[] args ) throws Exception {
        long time = System.currentTimeMillis();
        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
        for( int i = 0; i < 10000000; i++ ) {
            sb.delete( 0, sb.length() );
            sb.append( "someString" );
            sb.append( "someString2" );
            sb.append( "someStrin4g" );
            sb.append( "someStr5ing" );
            sb.append( "someSt7ring" );
            a = sb.toString();
        }
        System.out.println( System.currentTimeMillis()-time );
        time = System.currentTimeMillis();
        for( int i = 0; i < 10000000; i++ ) {
            StringBuilder sb2 = new StringBuilder();
            sb2.append( "someString" );
            sb2.append( "someString2" );
            sb2.append( "someStrin4g" );
            sb2.append( "someStr5ing" );
            sb2.append( "someSt7ring" );
            a = sb2.toString();
        }
        System.out.println( System.currentTimeMillis()-time );
    }
}

结果:

5016
7516
http://stackoverflow.com/questions/242438/is-it-better-to-reuse-a-stringbuilder-in-a-loop

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