android – 获取当前Fragment实例在viewpager

下面是我的代码,它有3个Fragment类,每个嵌入在ViewPager的3个选项卡。我有一个菜单选项。如onOptionsItemSelected()中所示,通过选择一个选项,我需要更新当前可见的片段。要更新,我必须调用一个方法在片段类。有人可以建议如何调用该方法吗?

public class MainActivity  extends ActionBarActivity {

     ViewPager ViewPager;
     TabsAdapter TabsAdapter;

     @Override
        public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
            super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);

            ViewPager = new ViewPager(this);
            ViewPager.setId(R.id.pager);
            setContentView(ViewPager);

            final ActionBar bar = getSupportActionBar();

            bar.setNavigationMode(ActionBar.NAVIGATION_MODE_TABS);

            //Attaching the Tabs to the fragment classes and setting the tab title.
            TabsAdapter = new TabsAdapter(this, ViewPager);
            TabsAdapter.addTab(bar.newTab().setText("FragmentClass1"),
                    FragmentClass1.class, null);
            TabsAdapter.addTab(bar.newTab().setText("FragmentClass2"),
              FragmentClass2.class, null);
            TabsAdapter.addTab(bar.newTab().setText("FragmentClass3"),
              FragmentClass3.class, null);


            if (savedInstanceState != null) {
                bar.setSelectedNavigationItem(savedInstanceState.getInt("tab", 0));
            }

        }

        @Override
        public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {

            switch (item.getItemId()) {

            case R.id.addText:

           **// Here I need to call the method which exists in the currently visible Fragment class**

                    return true;

            }

            return super.onOptionsItemSelected(item);
        }


     @Override
     protected void onSaveInstanceState(Bundle outState) {
      super.onSaveInstanceState(outState);
            outState.putInt("tab", getSupportActionBar().getSelectedNavigationIndex());

     }

     public static class TabsAdapter extends FragmentPagerAdapter
      implements ActionBar.TabListener, ViewPager.OnPageChangeListener {

      private final Context mContext;
            private final ActionBar mActionBar;
            private final ViewPager mViewPager;
            private final ArrayList<TabInfo> mTabs = new ArrayList<TabInfo>();

            static final class TabInfo {
                private final Class<?> clss;
                private final Bundle args;

                TabInfo(Class<?> _class, Bundle _args) {
                    clss = _class;
                    args = _args;
                }
            }

      public TabsAdapter(ActionBarActivity activity, ViewPager pager) {
       super(activity.getSupportFragmentManager());
                mContext = activity;
                mActionBar = activity.getSupportActionBar();
                mViewPager = pager;
                mViewPager.setAdapter(this);
                mViewPager.setOnPageChangeListener(this);
            }

      public void addTab(ActionBar.Tab tab, Class<?> clss, Bundle args) {
                TabInfo info = new TabInfo(clss, args);
                tab.setTag(info);
                tab.setTabListener(this);
                mTabs.add(info);
                mActionBar.addTab(tab);
                notifyDataSetChanged();

            }

      @Override
      public void onPageScrollStateChanged(int state) {
       // TODO Auto-generated method stub

      }

      @Override
      public void onPageScrolled(int position, float positionOffset, int positionOffsetPixels) {
       // TODO Auto-generated method stub

      }

      @Override
      public void onPageSelected(int position) {
       // TODO Auto-generated method stub
       mActionBar.setSelectedNavigationItem(position);
      }

      @Override
      public void onTabReselected(Tab tab, FragmentTransaction ft) {
       // TODO Auto-generated method stub

      }

      @Override
      public void onTabSelected(Tab tab, FragmentTransaction ft) {
       Object tag = tab.getTag();
                for (int i=0; i<mTabs.size(); i++) {
                    if (mTabs.get(i) == tag) {
                        mViewPager.setCurrentItem(i);

                    }
                }

                tabPosition = tab.getPosition();
      }

      @Override
      public void onTabUnselected(Tab tab, FragmentTransaction ft) {
       // TODO Auto-generated method stub

      }

      @Override
      public Fragment getItem(int position) {
       TabInfo info = mTabs.get(position);
                return Fragment.instantiate(mContext, info.clss.getName(), info.args);
      }

      @Override
      public int getCount() {
       return mTabs.size();
      }

     }

    }

假设下面是具有方法updateList()的片段类我想调用:

 public class FragmentClass1{

    ArrayList<String> originalData;


    @Override
         public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container,
           Bundle savedInstanceState) {

          View fragmentView = inflater.inflate(R.layout.frag1, container, false);

          originalData = getOriginalDataFromDB();

          return fragmentView;

         }


    public void updateList(String text)
    {
       originalData.add(text);
       //Here I could do other UI part that need to added
    }
}
最佳答案

by selecting an option, I need to update the fragment that is
currently visible.

一个简单的方法是使用与FragmentPagerAdapter实现相关的技巧:

case R.id.addText:
     Fragment page = getSupportFragmentManager().findFragmentByTag("android:switcher:" + R.id.pager + ":" + ViewPager.getCurrentItem());
     // based on the current position you can then cast the page to the correct 
     // class and call the method:
     if (ViewPager.getCurrentItem() == 0 && page != null) {
          ((FragmentClass1)page).updateList("new item");     
     } 
return true;

请重新考虑你的变量命名约定,使用作为变量名称的类的名称是非常混乱(所以没有ViewPager ViewPager,使用ViewPager mPager例如)。

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