jquery – 对自定义属性执行客户端验证

我创建了一个自定义验证属性:

public class FutureDateAttribute : ValidationAttribute
    {
        public override bool IsValid(object value) 
        {
            if (value == null|| (DateTime)value < DateTime.Now)
                return false;

            return true;
        }

    }

我怎么能得到这个工作在客户端太jquery?

最佳答案
以下是如何处理:

首先定义自定义验证属性:

public class FutureDateAttribute : ValidationAttribute, IClientValidatable
{
    public override bool IsValid(object value)
    {
        if (value == null || (DateTime)value < DateTime.Now)
            return false;

        return true;
    }

    public IEnumerable<ModelClientValidationRule> GetClientValidationRules(ModelMetadata metadata, ControllerContext context)
    {
        yield return new ModelClientValidationRule
        {
            ErrorMessage = this.ErrorMessage,
            ValidationType = "futuredate"
        };
    }
}

注意它如何实现IClientValidatable.接下来我们写我们的模型:

public class MyViewModel
{
    [FutureDate(ErrorMessage = "Should be in the future")]
    public DateTime Date { get; set; }
}

然后一个控制器:

public class HomeController : Controller
{
    public ActionResult Index()
    {
        return View(new MyViewModel
        {
            // intentionally put in the past
            Date = DateTime.Now.AddDays(-1)
        });
    }

    [HttpPost]
    public ActionResult Index(MyViewModel model)
    {
        return View(model);
    }
}

最后一个视图:

@using (Html.BeginForm())
{
    @Html.LabelFor(x => x.Date)
    @Html.TextBoxFor(x => x.Date)
    @Html.ValidationMessageFor(x => x.Date)
    <input type="submit" value="OK" />
}

魔法发生的最后一部分是定义自定义适配器:

<script src="@Url.Content("~/Scripts/jquery.validate.js")" type="text/javascript"></script>
<script src="@Url.Content("~/Scripts/jquery.validate.unobtrusive.js")" type="text/javascript"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
    // we add a custom jquery validation method
    jQuery.validator.addMethod('greaterThan', function (value, element, params) {
        if (!/Invalid|NaN/.test(new Date(value))) {
            return new Date(value) > new Date($(params).val());
        }
        return isNaN(value) && isNaN($(params).val()) || (parseFloat(value) > parseFloat($(params).val()));
    }, '');

    // and an unobtrusive adapter
    jQuery.validator.unobtrusive.adapters.add('futuredate', { }, function (options) {
        options.rules['greaterThan'] = true;
        options.messages['greaterThan'] = options.message;
    });
</script>

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