如何在iOS7中使用动态文本大小的自定义字体

在iOS7中有一些新的API,用于获取自动调整为用户在其首选项中设置的文本大小的字体。

它看起来像这样使用它:

UIFont *myFont = [UIFont fontWithDescriptor:[UIFontDescriptor preferredFontDescriptorWithTextStyle:UIFontTextStyleHeadline] size:0];

现在,您分配给它的任何文本将随着用户更改其系统文本大小设置而以字体大小上下移动。 (请记住收听名称:UIContentSizeCategoryDidChangeNotification通知并更新您的视图以考虑大小更改)。

如何使用除默认Helvetica-Neue之外的字体的动态文本?

在该API的背后,苹果具有某种查找表,其返回特定字体家族,大小,以及有时符号特征(例如,粗体)(例如,UIFontTextStyleHeadline)和用户的首选文本大小。后者是从sharedApplication拉出的字符串,像这样:

[UIApplication sharedApplication].preferredContentSizeCategory;

(我退出all the default sizes/fonts/traits for Helvetica-Neue为各种动态文本大小)。我们已经添加了无障碍尺寸的处理,这是重要的。

所以你真正需要做的是构建一个类似的查找表。我们的设计人员为我创建了一个简单的电子表格:

注意,我们添加了几个样式(标题3和4),有8个而不是6个可以选择。

然后你会想把它放在方便,像UIFontDescriptor上的类别。你会希望你的方法返回一个UIFontDescriptor像苹果的API,所以它仍然很容易调整与符号特征等。

我的类别如下所示:

UIFontDescriptor AvenirNext.h

#import <UIKit/UIKit.h>

extern NSString *const ANUIFontTextStyleCaption3;

@interface UIFontDescriptor (AvenirNext)

+(UIFontDescriptor *)preferredAvenirNextFontDescriptorWithTextStyle:(NSString *)style;

@end

UIFontDescriptor AvenirNext.m

#import "UIFontDescriptor+AvenirNext.h"

NSString *const ANUIFontTextStyleCaption3 = @"ANUIFontTextStyleCaption3";
NSString *const ANUIFontTextStyleCaption4 = @"ANUIFontTextStyleCaption4";

@implementation UIFontDescriptor (AvenirNext)
+(UIFontDescriptor *)preferredAvenirNextFontDescriptorWithTextStyle:(NSString *)style {
    static dispatch_once_t onceToken;
    static NSDictionary *fontSizeTable;
    dispatch_once(&onceToken, ^{
        fontSizeTable = @{
          UIFontTextStyleHeadline: @{
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityExtraExtraExtraLarge: @26,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityExtraExtraLarge: @25,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityExtraLarge: @24,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityLarge: @24,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityMedium: @23,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryExtraExtraExtraLarge: @23,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryExtraExtraLarge: @22,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryExtraLarge: @21,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryLarge: @20,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryMedium: @19,
                                    UIContentSizeCategorySmall: @18,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryExtraSmall: @17,},

       UIFontTextStyleSubheadline: @{
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityExtraExtraExtraLarge: @24,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityExtraExtraLarge: @23,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityExtraLarge: @22,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityLarge: @22,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityMedium: @21,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryExtraExtraExtraLarge: @21,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryExtraExtraLarge: @20,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryExtraLarge: @19,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryLarge: @18,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryMedium: @17,
                                    UIContentSizeCategorySmall: @16,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryExtraSmall: @15,},

              UIFontTextStyleBody: @{
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityExtraExtraExtraLarge: @21,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityExtraExtraLarge: @20,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityExtraLarge: @19,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityLarge: @19,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityMedium: @18,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryExtraExtraExtraLarge: @18,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryExtraExtraLarge: @17,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryExtraLarge: @16,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryLarge: @15,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryMedium: @14,
                                    UIContentSizeCategorySmall: @13,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryExtraSmall: @12,},

          UIFontTextStyleCaption1: @{
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityExtraExtraExtraLarge: @19,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityExtraExtraLarge: @18,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityExtraLarge: @17,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityLarge: @17,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityMedium: @16,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryExtraExtraExtraLarge: @16,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryExtraExtraLarge: @16,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryExtraLarge: @15,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryLarge: @14,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryMedium: @13,
                                    UIContentSizeCategorySmall: @12,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryExtraSmall: @12,},

          UIFontTextStyleCaption2: @{
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityExtraExtraExtraLarge: @18,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityExtraExtraLarge: @17,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityExtraLarge: @16,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityLarge: @16,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityMedium: @15,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryExtraExtraExtraLarge: @15,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryExtraExtraLarge: @14,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryExtraLarge: @14,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryLarge: @13,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryMedium: @12,
                                    UIContentSizeCategorySmall: @12,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryExtraSmall: @11,},

        ANUIFontTextStyleCaption3: @{
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityExtraExtraExtraLarge: @17,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityExtraExtraLarge: @16,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityExtraLarge: @15,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityLarge: @15,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityMedium: @14,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryExtraExtraExtraLarge: @14,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryExtraExtraLarge: @13,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryExtraLarge: @12,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryLarge: @12,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryMedium: @12,
                                    UIContentSizeCategorySmall: @11,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryExtraSmall: @10,},

          UIFontTextStyleFootnote: @{
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityExtraExtraExtraLarge: @16,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityExtraExtraLarge: @15,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityExtraLarge: @14,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityLarge: @14,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityMedium: @13,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryExtraExtraExtraLarge: @13,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryExtraExtraLarge: @12,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryExtraLarge: @12,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryLarge: @11,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryMedium: @11,
                                    UIContentSizeCategorySmall: @10,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryExtraSmall: @10,},

          ANUIFontTextStyleCaption4: @{
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityExtraExtraExtraLarge: @15,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityExtraExtraLarge: @14,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityExtraLarge: @13,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityLarge: @13,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryAccessibilityMedium: @12,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryExtraExtraExtraLarge: @12,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryExtraExtraLarge: @11,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryExtraLarge: @11,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryLarge: @10,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryMedium: @10,
                                    UIContentSizeCategorySmall: @9,
                                    UIContentSizeCategoryExtraSmall: @9,},
        };
    });


    NSString *contentSize = [UIApplication sharedApplication].preferredContentSizeCategory;
    return [UIFontDescriptor fontDescriptorWithName:[self preferredFontName] size:((NSNumber *)fontSizeTable[style][contentSize]).floatValue];
}
+(UIFontDescriptor *)preferredAvenirNextDemiBoldFontDescriptorWithTextStyle:(NSString *)style {
    return [[self preferredAvenirNextFontDescriptorWithTextStyle:style] fontDescriptorWithSymbolicTraits:UIFontDescriptorTraitBold];
}

+(UIFontDescriptor *)preferredAvenirNextBoldFontDescriptorWithTextStyle:(NSString *)style {
    return [UIFontDescriptor fontDescriptorWithName:[self preferredBoldFontName] size:[self preferredAvenirNextFontDescriptorWithTextStyle:style].pointSize];
}

+(NSString *)preferredFontName {
    return @"AvenirNext-Medium";
}
+(NSString *)preferredBoldFontName {
    return @"AvenirNext-Bold";
}

@end

我们选择使用相同的基本字体AvenirNext-Medium,然后通过符号特征,粗体和这样,但你可能会疯狂,并指定不同的重量变体作为您的查找表的一部分,如果你想,如AvenirNext-ExtraBold 。

这就是所有的东西!我们使用它像这样:

[UIFont fontWithDescriptor:[UIFontDescriptor preferredAvenirNextFontDescriptorWithTextStyle:UIFontTextStyleHeadline] size: 0]
http://stackoverflow.com/questions/20510094/how-to-use-a-custom-font-with-dynamic-text-sizes-in-ios7

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