java – 从我的网络应用程序Spring获取“没有发现线程请求”错误

我的网络应用程序中发现了一个“无线程请求发现”错误,希望得到一些帮助。
我正在尝试使用struts2 spring hibernate,并使用spring管理hibernate会话工厂,并将hibernate会话注入到我的struts操作中。我希望是有道理的。
当应用程序启动时,没有错误,但是当我做出第一个Web请求时,它会发现“找不到线程绑定请求”错误。
这是我的Spring配置:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE beans PUBLIC "-//SPRING//DTD BEAN 2.0//EN" "http://www.springframework.org/dtd/spring-beans-2.0.dtd">
<beans>
  <bean id="hibernateSessionFactory" scope="singleton"
    class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate3.LocalSessionFactoryBean">
    <property name="configLocation" value="classpath:hibernate.cfg.xml" />
  </bean>
  <bean id="hibernateSession" factory-bean="hibernateSessionFactory"
    factory-method="openSession" destroy-method="close" scope="request" class="org.hibernate.Session" />
</beans>

这是我的行动:

package actions.events;
import org.hibernate.Session;

public class Listing {
  Session session;
  public void setHibernateSession(Session value) throws Exception
  {
    session = value;
  }

  public String execute() {
    return "success";
  }
}

我唯一的领导是,如果我删除上面的’setHibernateSession’函数,我不会得到错误,因为假设spring不会打扰创建会话,如果该操作不需要一个(惰性实例化)。

这是例外:

Unable to instantiate Action, actions.events.Listing, defined for 'Listing' in namespace '/events'Error creating bean with name 'hibernateSession': Scope 'request' is not active for the current thread; consider defining a scoped proxy for this bean if you intend to refer to it from a singleton; nested exception is java.lang.IllegalStateException: No thread-bound request found: Are you referring to request attributes outside of an actual web request, or processing a request outside of the originally receiving thread? If you are actually operating within a web request and still receive this message, your code is probably running outside of DispatcherServlet/DispatcherPortlet: In this case, use RequestContextListener or RequestContextFilter to expose the current request.
com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.createAction(DefaultActionInvocation.java:307)
com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionInvocation.init(DefaultActionInvocation.java:388)
com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionProxy.prepare(DefaultActionProxy.java:187)
org.apache.struts2.impl.StrutsActionProxy.prepare(StrutsActionProxy.java:61)
org.apache.struts2.impl.StrutsActionProxyFactory.createActionProxy(StrutsActionProxyFactory.java:39)
com.opensymphony.xwork2.DefaultActionProxyFactory.createActionProxy(DefaultActionProxyFactory.java:47)
org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.serviceAction(Dispatcher.java:478)
org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.ExecuteOperations.executeAction(ExecuteOperations.java:77)
org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.doFilter(StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter.java:91)
org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:235)
org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:206)
com.opensymphony.sitemesh.webapp.SiteMeshFilter.obtainContent(SiteMeshFilter.java:129)
com.opensymphony.sitemesh.webapp.SiteMeshFilter.doFilter(SiteMeshFilter.java:77)
org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:235)
org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:206)
org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:233)
org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:191)
org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:128)
org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:102)
org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:109)
org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:293)
org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Processor.process(Http11Processor.java:849)
org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Protocol$Http11ConnectionHandler.process(Http11Protocol.java:583)
org.apache.tomcat.util.net.JIoEndpoint$Worker.run(JIoEndpoint.java:454)
java.lang.Thread.run(Unknown Source)

哦,踢球者是我的web.xml确实有必要的上下文监听器,所以http请求应该被struts识别:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app ...
  ...
  <listener>
    <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
  </listener>
  ...
</web-app>
最佳答案
要使用没有Spring MVC的请求范围,您应该在web.xml中声明RequestContextListener(见3.5.4.1. Initial web configuration):

<web-app>
  ...
  <listener>
    <listener-class>
        org.springframework.web.context.request.RequestContextListener
    </listener-class>
  </listener>
  ...
</web-app>

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