Android指纹API和私有/公钥

当我首次注册并生成KeyPair时,当我第二次使用它时,PrivateKey将无效。这只发生一次。我是唯一有这个问题的人吗?我的代码有什么问题吗?

我不能使用任何其他键,因为我正在使用PrivateKey来签署数据。

脚步:

>擦拭所有指纹
注册一个指纹
>生成KeyPair并使用FingerprintManager :: authenticate
>在下次使用FingerprintManager :: authenticate PrivateKey时永久无效。这只是第一次发生

在生成KeyPair的代码下面

KeyStore keyStore = KeyStore.getInstance("AndroidKeyStore");
keystore.load(null);
KeyPairGenerator generator = KeyPairGenerator.getInstance(KeyProperties.KEY_ALGORITHM_EC, "AndroidKeyStore");
generator.initialize(new KeyGenParameterSpec.Builder("key_name", KeyProperties.PURPOSE_SIGN)
    .setDigests(digest) // I have defined digest before
    .setSignaturePaddings(paddings) // I have defined paddings before
    .setUserAuthenticationRequired(true)
    .build());
generator.generateKeyPair();

这里是我为数据签名调用指纹认证的代码:

KeyStore keyStore = KeyStore.getInstance("AndroidKeyStore");
keyStore.load(null);
Signature signature = Signature.getInstance("signing_algorithm");
PrivateKey privateKey = (PrivateKey) keyStore.getKey("key_name", null);
signature.initSign(privateKey); // Here I get KeyPermanentlyInvalidatedException
CryptoObject crypto = new CryptoObject(signature);
FingerprintManager fingerprintManager = context.getSystemService(FingerprintManager.class);
CancellationSignal cancellationSignal = new CancellationSignal();
AuthenticationCallback authenticationCallback = new AuthenticationCallback() {
    ...
};
fingerprintManager.authenticate(crypto, cancelationSignal, 0, authenticationCallback, null);
我尝试这个link,工作完美。

首先你需要设置最小sdk看起来像图片

Image

第二套Mainfest中的权限

   <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.USE_FINGERPRINT" />

第三

generateKey() function which generates an encryption key which is then stored securely on the device.

cipherInit() function that initializes the cipher that will be used to create the encrypted FingerprintManager.

CryptoObject instance and various other checks before initiating the authentication process which is implemented inside onCreate() method.

FingerPrintActivty.java

import android.Manifest;
import android.annotation.TargetApi;
import android.app.KeyguardManager;
import android.content.pm.PackageManager;
import android.hardware.fingerprint.FingerprintManager;
import android.os.Build;
import android.security.keystore.KeyGenParameterSpec;
import android.security.keystore.KeyPermanentlyInvalidatedException;
import android.security.keystore.KeyProperties;
import android.support.v4.app.ActivityCompat;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.widget.TextView;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.security.InvalidAlgorithmParameterException;
import java.security.InvalidKeyException;
import java.security.KeyStore;
import java.security.KeyStoreException;
import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;
import java.security.NoSuchProviderException;
import java.security.UnrecoverableKeyException;
import java.security.cert.CertificateException;
import javax.crypto.Cipher;
import javax.crypto.KeyGenerator;
import javax.crypto.NoSuchPaddingException;
import javax.crypto.SecretKey;


public class FingerprintActivity extends AppCompatActivity {


   private KeyStore keyStore;
   // Variable used for storing the key in the Android Keystore container
   private static final String KEY_NAME = "androidHive";
   private Cipher cipher;
   private TextView textView;


   @Override
   protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
       super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
       setContentView(R.layout.activity_fingerprint);


       // Initializing both Android Keyguard Manager and Fingerprint Manager
       KeyguardManager keyguardManager = (KeyguardManager) getSystemService(KEYGUARD_SERVICE);
       FingerprintManager fingerprintManager = (FingerprintManager) getSystemService(FINGERPRINT_SERVICE);


       textView = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.errorText);


       // Check whether the device has a Fingerprint sensor.
       if(!fingerprintManager.isHardwareDetected()){
           /**
            * An error message will be displayed if the device does not contain the fingerprint hardware.
            * However if you plan to implement a default authentication method,
            * you can redirect the user to a default authentication activity from here.
            * Example:
            * Intent intent = new Intent(this, DefaultAuthenticationActivity.class);
            * startActivity(intent);
            */
           textView.setText("Your Device does not have a Fingerprint Sensor");
       }else {
           // Checks whether fingerprint permission is set on manifest
           if (ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.USE_FINGERPRINT) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
               textView.setText("Fingerprint authentication permission not enabled");
           }else{
               // Check whether at least one fingerprint is registered
               if (!fingerprintManager.hasEnrolledFingerprints()) {
                   textView.setText("Register at least one fingerprint in Settings");
               }else{
                   // Checks whether lock screen security is enabled or not
                   if (!keyguardManager.isKeyguardSecure()) {
                       textView.setText("Lock screen security not enabled in Settings");
                   }else{
                       generateKey();


                       if (cipherInit()) {
                           FingerprintManager.CryptoObject cryptoObject = new FingerprintManager.CryptoObject(cipher);
                           FingerprintHandler helper = new FingerprintHandler(this);
                           helper.startAuth(fingerprintManager, cryptoObject);
                       }
                   }
               }
           }
       }
   }


   @TargetApi(Build.VERSION_CODES.M)
   protected void generateKey() {
       try {
           keyStore = KeyStore.getInstance("AndroidKeyStore");
       } catch (Exception e) {
           e.printStackTrace();
       }


       KeyGenerator keyGenerator;
       try {
           keyGenerator = KeyGenerator.getInstance(KeyProperties.KEY_ALGORITHM_AES, "AndroidKeyStore");
       } catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException | NoSuchProviderException e) {
           throw new RuntimeException("Failed to get KeyGenerator instance", e);
       }


       try {
           keyStore.load(null);
           keyGenerator.init(new
                   KeyGenParameterSpec.Builder(KEY_NAME,
                   KeyProperties.PURPOSE_ENCRYPT |
                           KeyProperties.PURPOSE_DECRYPT)
                   .setBlockModes(KeyProperties.BLOCK_MODE_CBC)
                   .setUserAuthenticationRequired(true)
                   .setEncryptionPaddings(
                           KeyProperties.ENCRYPTION_PADDING_PKCS7)
                   .build());
           keyGenerator.generateKey();
       } catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException |
               InvalidAlgorithmParameterException
               | CertificateException | IOException e) {
           throw new RuntimeException(e);
       }
   }


   @TargetApi(Build.VERSION_CODES.M)
   public boolean cipherInit() {
       try {
           cipher = Cipher.getInstance(KeyProperties.KEY_ALGORITHM_AES + "/" + KeyProperties.BLOCK_MODE_CBC + "/" + KeyProperties.ENCRYPTION_PADDING_PKCS7);
       } catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException | NoSuchPaddingException e) {
           throw new RuntimeException("Failed to get Cipher", e);
       }


       try {
           keyStore.load(null);
           SecretKey key = (SecretKey) keyStore.getKey(KEY_NAME,
                   null);
           cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, key);
           return true;
       } catch (KeyPermanentlyInvalidatedException e) {
           return false;
       } catch (KeyStoreException | CertificateException | UnrecoverableKeyException | IOException | NoSuchAlgorithmException | InvalidKeyException e) {
           throw new RuntimeException("Failed to init Cipher", e);
       }
   }
}

FingerprintAuthenticationHandler.Class

import android.Manifest;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.pm.PackageManager;
import android.hardware.fingerprint.FingerprintManager;
import android.os.CancellationSignal;
import android.support.v4.app.ActivityCompat;
import android.support.v4.content.ContextCompat;
import android.widget.TextView;


/**
* Created by whit3hawks on 11/16/16.
*/
public class FingerprintHandler extends FingerprintManager.AuthenticationCallback {


   private Context context;


   // Constructor
   public FingerprintHandler(Context mContext) {
       context = mContext;
   }


   public void startAuth(FingerprintManager manager, FingerprintManager.CryptoObject cryptoObject) {
       CancellationSignal cancellationSignal = new CancellationSignal();
       if (ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(context, Manifest.permission.USE_FINGERPRINT) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
           return;
       }
       manager.authenticate(cryptoObject, cancellationSignal, 0, this, null);
   }


   @Override
   public void onAuthenticationError(int errMsgId, CharSequence errString) {
       this.update("Fingerprint Authentication error\n" + errString, false);
   }


   @Override
   public void onAuthenticationHelp(int helpMsgId, CharSequence helpString) {
       this.update("Fingerprint Authentication help\n" + helpString, false);
   }


   @Override
   public void onAuthenticationFailed() {
       this.update("Fingerprint Authentication failed.", false);
   }


   @Override
   public void onAuthenticationSucceeded(FingerprintManager.AuthenticationResult result) {
       this.update("Fingerprint Authentication succeeded.", true);
   }


   public void update(String e, Boolean success){
       TextView textView = (TextView) ((Activity)context).findViewById(R.id.errorText);
       textView.setText(e);
       if(success){
           textView.setTextColor(ContextCompat.getColor(context,R.color.colorPrimaryDark));
       }
   }
}

希望有帮助

http://stackoverflow.com/questions/40243239/android-fingerprint-api-and-private-public-keys

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