单元测试 – 使用$httpBackend单元测试AngularJS控制器

对于我的生活,我无法让$ httpBackend在一个执行$ http获取请求的控制器上工作。我已经尝试了几个小时=)

我已经将它减少到我可以在下面的最简单的形式。测试通过,如果我

>注释掉控制器中的$ http.get()请求
>在测试中注释出“httpMock.flush()”
并改变“猪”和“狗”匹配

也就是说,这是一个有效的工作测试和应用程序。

如果我把它放回来,我得到底部显示的错误。

应用程序/ JS / app.js

// Declare a module which depends on filters and services.
var myApp = angular
  .module('myApp', ['ngRoute', 'myApp.filters', 'myApp.services',
                              'myApp.directives'])
  .config(['$routeProvider' , function($routeProvider) {

    $routeProvider
      .when("/dashboard", {
        templateUrl: "partials/dashboard.html",
        controller: cDashboard
      })

      .otherwise({redirectTo: "/dashboard"});
  }]);

// Pre-define our main namespace modules.
angular.module('myApp.directives' , []);
angular.module('myApp.filters'    , []);
angular.module('myApp.services'   , []);
angular.module('myApp.controllers', []);

应用程序/ JS / controller.js

function cDashboard ($scope, $http) {
  $scope.data = "dog";

  // Fetch the actual data.
  $http.get("/data")
    .success(function (data) { $scope.data = data })
    .error(function () {});
}

cDashboard.$inject = [ '$scope', '$http' ];

测试/单元/ controllerSpec.js

describe('cDashboard', function(){
  var scope, ctrl, httpMock;

  beforeEach(inject(function ($rootScope, $controller, $http, $httpBackend) {
    scope = $rootScope.$new();
    ctrl = $controller('cDashboard', {$scope: scope});

    httpMock = $httpBackend;
    httpMock.when("GET", "/data").respond("pig");
  }));

  it("should get 'pig' from '/data'", function () {
    httpMock.expectGET("/data").respond("pig");
    expect(scope.data).toBe("pig");
  });

});

这是我在shell中得到的错误:

INFO [watcher]: Changed file "/home/myApp/test/unit/controller/cDashboard.js".
Chrome 26.0 (Linux) cDashboard should get 'pig' from '/data' FAILED
    Error: No pending request to flush !
        at Error (<anonymous>)
        at Function.$httpBackend.flush (/home/myApp/test/lib/angular/angular-mocks.js:1171:34)
        at null.<anonymous> (/home/myApp/test/unit/controller/cDashboard.js:15:18)
Chrome 26.0 (Linux): Executed 1 of 1 (1 FAILED) (0.326 secs / 0.008 secs)
最佳答案
您的测试代码有几个问题:

>控制器是在httpMock配置为使用猪响应之前创建的。在实例化控制器之前应该会发生expectGet调用。
> httpMock需要刷新请求
> httMock.when是不必要的,只要你有expectGet

工作实例:http://plnkr.co/edit/lUkDMrsy1KJNai3ndtng?p=preview

describe('cDashboard', function(){
  var scope, controllerService, httpMock;

  beforeEach(inject(function ($rootScope, $controller, $httpBackend) {
    scope = $rootScope.$new();
    controllerService = $controller;
    httpMock = $httpBackend;
  }));

  it("should get 'pig' from '/data'", function () {
    httpMock.expectGET("/data").respond("pig");
    ctrl = controllerService('cDashboard', {$scope: scope});
    httpMock.flush();
    expect(scope.data).toBe("pig");
  });
});

转载注明原文:单元测试 – 使用$httpBackend单元测试AngularJS控制器 - 代码日志