java – 如何添加头到SOAP请求? - 代码日志

java – 如何添加头到SOAP请求?

我尝试通过java代码调用HTTPS SOAP Web服务:

    URL url = new URL("https://somehost:8181/services/"SomeService?wsdl");
    QName qname = new QName("http://services.somehost.com/", "SomeService");
    Service service = Service.create(url, qname);
    SomeService port = service.getPort(SomeService .class);
    port.doSomething();

但是得到例外:

threw an unexpected exception: javax.xml.ws.soap.SOAPFaultException: Security Requirements not met - No Security header in message

当我分析正确的请求样本我确定它必须包含标题:

 <S:Header>
  <To xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2005/08/addressing">http://somehost:8181/services/SomeService</To>
  <Action xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2005/08/addressing">https://somehost:8181/services/"SomeService/doSomethingRequest</Action>
  <ReplyTo xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2005/08/addressing">
     <Address>http://www.w3.org/2005/08/addressing/anonymous</Address>
  </ReplyTo>
  <MessageID xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2005/08/addressing">uuid:3428539e-d645-72ae-adc0-5423c1e68942</MessageID>
  <wsse:Security S:mustUnderstand="true">
     <wsu:Timestamp wsu:Id="_1" xmlns:ns14="http://docs.oasis-open.org/ws-sx/ws-secureconversation/200512" xmlns:ns13="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/">
        <wsu:Created>2013-01-15T16:36:30Z</wsu:Created>
        <wsu:Expires>2014-01-15T14:06:30Z</wsu:Expires>
     </wsu:Timestamp>
  </wsse:Security>

那么如何将这个头添加到我的SOAP请求?

我个人添加了两个类:HeaderHandler和HeaderHandlerResolver:

import java.util.HashSet;
import java.util.Set;

import javax.xml.namespace.QName;
import javax.xml.soap.SOAPElement;
import javax.xml.soap.SOAPEnvelope;
import javax.xml.soap.SOAPHeader;
import javax.xml.soap.SOAPMessage;
import javax.xml.ws.handler.MessageContext;
import javax.xml.ws.handler.soap.SOAPHandler;
import javax.xml.ws.handler.soap.SOAPMessageContext;


public class HeaderHandler implements SOAPHandler<SOAPMessageContext> {

public boolean handleMessage(SOAPMessageContext smc) {

    Boolean outboundProperty = (Boolean) smc.get(MessageContext.MESSAGE_OUTBOUND_PROPERTY);

    if (outboundProperty.booleanValue()) {

        SOAPMessage message = smc.getMessage();

        try {

            SOAPEnvelope envelope = smc.getMessage().getSOAPPart().getEnvelope();
            SOAPHeader header = envelope.addHeader();

            SOAPElement security =
                    header.addChildElement("Security", "wsse", "http://docs.oasis-open.org/wss/2004/01/oasis-200401-wss-wssecurity-secext-1.0.xsd");



            SOAPElement usernameToken =
                    security.addChildElement("UsernameToken", "wsse");
            usernameToken.addAttribute(new QName("xmlns:wsu"), "http://docs.oasis-open.org/wss/2004/01/oasis-200401-wss-wssecurity-utility-1.0.xsd");

            SOAPElement username =
                    usernameToken.addChildElement("Username", "wsse");
            username.addTextNode("test");

            SOAPElement password =
                    usernameToken.addChildElement("Password", "wsse");
            password.setAttribute("Type", "http://docs.oasis-open.org/wss/2004/01/oasis-200401-wss-username-token-profile-1.0#PasswordText");
           password.addTextNode("test321");

            //Print out the outbound SOAP message to System.out
            message.writeTo(System.out);
            System.out.println("");

        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

    } else {
        try {

            //This handler does nothing with the response from the Web Service so
            //we just print out the SOAP message.
            SOAPMessage message = smc.getMessage();
            message.writeTo(System.out);
            System.out.println("");

        } catch (Exception ex) {
            ex.printStackTrace();
        } 
    }


    return outboundProperty;

}

public Set getHeaders() {
    // The code below is added on order to invoke Spring secured WS.
    // Otherwise,
    // http://docs.oasis-open.org/wss/2004/01/oasis-200401-wss-wssecurity-secext-1.0.xsd
    // won't be recognised 
    final QName securityHeader = new QName(
            "http://docs.oasis-open.org/wss/2004/01/oasis-200401-wss-wssecurity-secext-1.0.xsd",
            "Security", "wsse");

    final HashSet headers = new HashSet();
    headers.add(securityHeader);

    return headers;
}

public boolean handleFault(SOAPMessageContext context) {
    //throw new UnsupportedOperationException("Not supported yet.");
    return true;
}

public void close(MessageContext context) {
//throw new UnsupportedOperationException("Not supported yet.");
}
}

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import javax.xml.ws.handler.Handler;
import javax.xml.ws.handler.HandlerResolver;
import javax.xml.ws.handler.PortInfo;


public class HeaderHandlerResolver implements HandlerResolver {

public List<Handler> getHandlerChain(PortInfo portInfo) {
  List<Handler> handlerChain = new ArrayList<Handler>();

  HeaderHandler hh = new HeaderHandler();

  handlerChain.add(hh);

  return handlerChain;
   }
}

在HeaderHandler类中,您可以添加所需的凭据。
最后使用它们

HeaderHandlerResolver handlerResolver = new HeaderHandlerResolver();
service.setHandlerResolver(handlerResolver);
http://stackoverflow.com/questions/14522931/how-to-add-header-to-soap-request

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