python – 根据值在matplotlib中更改3D条形图中的条形颜色

我在matplotlib中有一个3D条形图,总共有165个条形图,目前它非常混乱.

enter image description here

我想根据谨慎的z值更改条形的颜色:0,1,2.

我知道可以通过使用掩码在Color matplotlib bar chart based on value中根据特定值更改一维条形图中的颜色条.

还有一个关于如何根据值更改条形颜色的问题:
Defining colors of Matplotlib 3D bar plot

我不确定如果我完全理解给定的答案,但我无法在这种情况下使其工作.

代码是:

   data = [[0 0 0 2 0 0 1 2 0 0 0]
            [0 0 2 2 0 0 0 0 2 0 0]
            [1 0 2 2 1 2 0 0 2 0 2]
            [1 0 2 2 0 2 0 2 2 2 2]
            [2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2]
            [2 2 0 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2]
            [0 2 2 0 2 2 2 2 2 2 2]
            [1 2 0 0 2 1 2 2 0 0 2]
            [0 0 2 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 0]
            [2 1 2 2 0 0 0 2 0 0 2]
            [2 2 2 0 2 0 0 0 2 2 2]
            [2 2 0 0 2 2 2 2 2 0 0]
            [2 2 1 2 0 0 0 2 2 2 0]
            [2 0 0 2 0 0 2 2 2 2 2]
            [2 0 0 2 0 2 2 2 2 2 2]]

   ly = len(data[0])
   lx = len(data[:,0])
   xpos = np.arange(0,lx,1)    # Set up a mesh of positions
   ypos = np.arange(0,ly,1)
   xpos, ypos = np.meshgrid(xpos+0.25, ypos+0.25)

   xpos = xpos.flatten()   # Convert positions to 1D array
   ypos = ypos.flatten()
   zpos = np.zeros(lx*ly)

   dx = 0.5 * np.ones_like(zpos)
   dy = dx.copy()
   dz = data.flatten()


   ys = np.array([float(yi) for yi in y[1:]])

   fig = plt.figure()
   ax = fig.add_subplot(111, projection='3d')

   # all blue bars
   #ax.bar3d(xpos,ypos,zpos, dx, dy, dz, color='b')

   # try changing color bars

   colors = ['r','g','b']
   for i in range(0,3):

       ax.bar3d(xpos[i], ypos[i], zpos[i], dx, dy, dz[i], alpha=0.1, 
                    color=colors[i])

   ax.set_xlabel('X')
   ax.set_ylabel('Y')
   ax.set_zlabel('Z')


plt.show()
documentation of bar3d可以看出,颜色可以是一个数组,每条颜色一种颜色.

这使得在一次调用bar3d时很容易为所有条形图着色;我们只需要将数据数组转换为可以使用色彩映射完成的颜色数组,

colors = plt.cm.jet(data.flatten()/float(data.max()))

(注意,色图的取值介于0和1之间,因此我们需要将值标准化为此范围.)

完整的例子:

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from mpl_toolkits.mplot3d import Axes3D
import numpy as np

data = np.array([ [0, 0, 0, 2, 0, 0, 1, 2, 0, 0, 0],
         [0, 0, 2, 2, 0, 0, 0, 0, 2, 0, 0],
         [1, 0, 2, 2, 1, 2, 0, 0, 2, 0, 2],
         [1, 0, 2, 2, 0, 2, 0, 2, 2, 2, 2],
         [2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2],
         [2, 2, 0, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2],
         [0, 2, 2, 0, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2],
         [1, 2, 0, 0, 2, 1, 2, 2, 0, 0, 2],
         [0, 0, 2, 1, 0, 0, 2, 0, 0, 0, 0],
         [2, 1, 2, 2, 0, 0, 0, 2, 0, 0, 2],
         [2, 2, 2, 0, 2, 0, 0, 0, 2, 2, 2],
         [2, 2, 0, 0, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 0, 0],
         [2, 2, 1, 2, 0, 0, 0, 2, 2, 2, 0],
         [2, 0, 0, 2, 0, 0, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2],
         [2, 0, 0, 2, 0, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2]])


ypos, xpos  = np.indices(data.shape) 

xpos = xpos.flatten()   
ypos = ypos.flatten()
zpos = np.zeros(xpos.shape)

fig = plt.figure()
ax = fig.add_subplot(111, projection='3d')

colors = plt.cm.jet(data.flatten()/float(data.max()))
ax.bar3d(xpos,ypos,zpos, .5,.5,data.flatten(), color=colors)

ax.set_xlabel('X')
ax.set_ylabel('Y')
ax.set_zlabel('Z')
plt.show()

enter image description here

https://stackoverflow.com/questions/43869751/change-bar-color-in-a-3d-bar-plot-in-matplotlib-based-on-value

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