从C#中的IP获取本地网络上的计算机MAC地址

我正在尝试编写一个函数,它将一个IP地址作为参数,并在我的本地网络上查询该机器的MAC地址.

我已经看到许多获得本地机器自己的MAC地址的例子,但是没有(我发现)似乎在查询本地网络机器.

我知道这样的任务是可以实现的,因为这个Wake on LAN scanner软件扫描本地IP范围并返回所有机器上的MAC地址/主机名.

谁能告诉我在哪里开始尝试编写一个函数来实现C#中的这个功能?任何帮助,将不胜感激.谢谢

编辑:

根据Marco Mp在下面的评论,使用了ARP表.
arp class

最佳答案
public string GetMacAddress(string ipAddress)
{
    string macAddress = string.Empty;
    System.Diagnostics.Process pProcess = new System.Diagnostics.Process();
    pProcess.StartInfo.FileName = "arp";
    pProcess.StartInfo.Arguments = "-a " + ipAddress;
    pProcess.StartInfo.UseShellExecute = false;
    pProcess.StartInfo.RedirectStandardOutput = true;
      pProcess.StartInfo.CreateNoWindow = true;
    pProcess.Start();
    string strOutput = pProcess.StandardOutput.ReadToEnd();
    string[] substrings = strOutput.Split('-');
    if (substrings.Length >= 8)
    {
       macAddress = substrings[3].Substring(Math.Max(0, substrings[3].Length - 2)) 
                + "-" + substrings[4] + "-" + substrings[5] + "-" + substrings[6] 
                + "-" + substrings[7] + "-" 
                + substrings[8].Substring(0, 2);
        return macAddress;
    }

    else
    {
        return "not found";
    }
}

很晚编辑:
在开源项目iSpy(https://github.com/ispysoftware/iSpy)中,他们使用这个代码,这是一个更好的

  public static void RefreshARP()
        {
            _arpList = new Dictionary<string, string>();
            _arpList.Clear();
            try
            {
                var arpStream = ExecuteCommandLine("arp", "-a");
                // Consume first three lines
                for (int i = 0; i < 3; i++)
                {
                    arpStream.ReadLine();
                }
                // Read entries
                while (!arpStream.EndOfStream)
                {
                    var line = arpStream.ReadLine();
                    if (line != null)
                    {
                        line = line.Trim();
                        while (line.Contains("  "))
                        {
                            line = line.Replace("  ", " ");
                        }
                        var parts = line.Trim().Split(' ');

                        if (parts.Length == 3)
                        {
                            string ip = parts[0];
                            string mac = parts[1];
                            if (!_arpList.ContainsKey(ip))
                                _arpList.Add(ip, mac);
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Logger.LogExceptionToFile(ex, "ARP Table");
            }
            if (_arpList.Count > 0)
            {
                foreach (var nd in List)
                {
                    string mac;
                    ARPList.TryGetValue(nd.IPAddress.ToString(), out mac);
                    nd.MAC = mac;    
                }
            }
        }

https://github.com/ispysoftware/iSpy/blob/master/Server/NetworkDeviceList.cs

更新2更晚,但我认为最好,因为它使用正则表达式来更好地检查完全匹配.

public string getMacByIp(string ip)
{
    var macIpPairs = GetAllMacAddressesAndIppairs();
    int index = macIpPairs.FindIndex(x => x.IpAddress == ip);
    if (index >= 0)
    {
        return macIpPairs[index].MacAddress.ToUpper();
    }
    else
    {
        return null;
    }
}

public List<MacIpPair> GetAllMacAddressesAndIppairs()
{
    List<MacIpPair> mip = new List<MacIpPair>();
    System.Diagnostics.Process pProcess = new System.Diagnostics.Process();
    pProcess.StartInfo.FileName = "arp";
    pProcess.StartInfo.Arguments = "-a ";
    pProcess.StartInfo.UseShellExecute = false;
    pProcess.StartInfo.RedirectStandardOutput = true;
    pProcess.StartInfo.CreateNoWindow = true;
    pProcess.Start();
    string cmdOutput = pProcess.StandardOutput.ReadToEnd();
    string pattern = @"(?<ip>([0-9]{1,3}\.?){4})\s*(?<mac>([a-f0-9]{2}-?){6})";

    foreach (Match m in Regex.Matches(cmdOutput, pattern, RegexOptions.IgnoreCase))
    {
        mip.Add(new MacIpPair()
        {
            MacAddress = m.Groups["mac"].Value,
            IpAddress = m.Groups["ip"].Value
        });
    }

    return mip;
}
public struct MacIpPair
{
    public string MacAddress;
    public string IpAddress;
}

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