CUDA:平铺矩阵 – 矩阵乘法,共享内存和矩阵大小,是块大小的非倍数

我正在尝试熟悉CUDA编程,并且有一段非常有趣的时间.我目前正在研究this pdf,它处理矩阵乘法,有和没有共享内存.两个版本的完整代码可以在here找到.这段代码几乎与CUDA矩阵乘法样本中的代码完全相同.虽然非共享内存版本具有以任何矩阵大小运行的能力,但无论块大小如何,共享内存版本必须与块大小的倍数(我设置为4,默认最初为16)的矩阵一起使用.

pdf末尾提出的问题之一是更改它,以便共享内存版本也可以使用块大小的非倍数.我认为这将是一个简单的索引检查,就像在非共享版本中一样:

int row = blockIdx.y * blockDim.y + threadIdx.y;
int col = blockIdx.x * blockDim.x + threadIdx.x;
if(row > A.height || col > B.width) return;

但这不起作用.这是完整的代码,减去主要的方法(有点乱,对不起),我已经有所修改了:

void MatMul(const Matrix A, const Matrix B, Matrix C) { 
  // Load A and B to device memory 
  Matrix d_A; 
  d_A.width = d_A.stride = A.width; 
  d_A.height = A.height; 
  size_t size = A.width * A.height * sizeof(float); 
  cudaError_t err = cudaMalloc(&d_A.elements, size); 
  printf("CUDA malloc A: %s\n",cudaGetErrorString(err)); 
  err = cudaMemcpy(d_A.elements, A.elements, size, cudaMemcpyHostToDevice); 
  printf("Copy A to device: %s\n",cudaGetErrorString(err)); 

  Matrix d_B; 
  d_B.width = d_B.stride = B.width; 
  d_B.height = B.height; 
  size = B.width * B.height * sizeof(float); 
  err = cudaMalloc(&d_B.elements, size); 
  printf("CUDA malloc B: %s\n",cudaGetErrorString(err));
  err = cudaMemcpy(d_B.elements, B.elements, size, cudaMemcpyHostToDevice);
  printf("Copy B to device: %s\n",cudaGetErrorString(err)); 

  Matrix d_C; 
  d_C.width = d_C.stride = C.width; 
  d_C.height = C.height; 
  size = C.width * C.height * sizeof(float); 
  err = cudaMalloc(&d_C.elements, size); 
  printf("CUDA malloc C: %s\n",cudaGetErrorString(err));

  dim3 dimBlock(BLOCK_SIZE, BLOCK_SIZE); 
    dim3 dimGrid((B.width + dimBlock.x - 1) / dimBlock.x, (A.height + dimBlock.y-1) / dimBlock.y);
    MatMulKernel<<<dimGrid, dimBlock>>>(d_A, d_B, d_C); 
    err = cudaThreadSynchronize();
    printf("Run kernel: %s\n", cudaGetErrorString(err));

  // Read C from device memory 
  err = cudaMemcpy(C.elements, d_C.elements, size, cudaMemcpyDeviceToHost); 
  printf("Copy C off of device: %s\n",cudaGetErrorString(err));

  // Free device memory
  cudaFree(d_A.elements); 
  cudaFree(d_B.elements); 
  cudaFree(d_C.elements); 
} 

// Get a matrix element
__device__ float GetElement(const Matrix A, int row, int col) { 
  return A.elements[row * A.stride + col]; 
} 

// Set a matrix element 
__device__ void SetElement(Matrix A, int row, int col, float value) { 
  A.elements[row * A.stride + col] = value; 
} 

// Get the BLOCK_SIZExBLOCK_SIZE sub-matrix Asub of A that is 
// located col sub-matrices to the right and row sub-matrices down 
// from the upper-left corner of A 
__device__ Matrix GetSubMatrix(Matrix A, int row, int col) { 
  Matrix Asub; 
  Asub.width = BLOCK_SIZE; 
  Asub.height = BLOCK_SIZE; 
  Asub.stride = A.stride; 
  Asub.elements = &A.elements[A.stride * BLOCK_SIZE * row + BLOCK_SIZE * col]; 
  return Asub; 
}


// Matrix multiplication kernel called by MatMul() 
__global__ void MatMulKernel(Matrix A, Matrix B, Matrix C) { 
  // Block row and column 
  int blockRow = blockIdx.y; 
  int blockCol = blockIdx.x; 

  int rowTest = blockIdx.y * blockDim.y + threadIdx.y;
  int colTest = blockIdx.x * blockDim.x + threadIdx.x;
  if (rowTest>A.height || colTest>B.width)
    return;
  // Each thread block computes one sub-matrix Csub of C
  Matrix Csub = GetSubMatrix(C, blockRow, blockCol); 

  // Each thread computes one element of Csub 
  // by accumulating results into Cvalue 
  float Cvalue = 0.0; 
  // Thread row and column within Csub 
  int row = threadIdx.y; 
  int col = threadIdx.x; 
  // Loop over all the sub-matrices of A and B that are 
  // required to compute Csub 
  // Multiply each pair of sub-matrices together 
  // and accumulate the results 
  for (int m = 0; m < (BLOCK_SIZE + A.width - 1)/BLOCK_SIZE; ++m) {
    // Get sub-matrix Asub of A 
    Matrix Asub = GetSubMatrix(A, blockRow, m); 

    // Get sub-matrix Bsub of B 
    Matrix Bsub = GetSubMatrix(B, m, blockCol); 

    // Shared memory used to store Asub and Bsub respectively 
    __shared__ float As[BLOCK_SIZE][BLOCK_SIZE]; 
    __shared__ float Bs[BLOCK_SIZE][BLOCK_SIZE]; 

    // Load Asub and Bsub from device memory to shared memory 
    // Each thread loads one element of each sub-matrix 
    As[row][col] = GetElement(Asub, row, col); 
    Bs[row][col] = GetElement(Bsub, row, col); 

    // Synchronize to make sure the sub-matrices are loaded 
    // before starting the computation 
    __syncthreads(); 

    // Multiply Asub and Bsub together 
    for (int e = 0; e < BLOCK_SIZE; ++e) 
    {
      Cvalue += As[row][e] * Bs[e][col];
    }
    // Synchronize to make sure that the preceding 
    // computation is done before loading two new 
    // sub-matrices of A and B in the next iteration 
    __syncthreads();  
  }
  // Write Csub to device memory 
  // Each thread writes one element 
  SetElement(Csub, row, col, Cvalue); 
}

我改变的值得注意的事情:我在MatMulKernel中添加了一个检查,检查我们当前的线程是否正在尝试在C中不存在的某个位置上工作.这似乎不起作用.虽然它确实改变了结果,但是这些更改似乎没有任何模式,除了稍后(更高的x或y值)条目似乎更受影响(并且我得到更多的非整数结果).我还在MatMulKernel中更改了给定的dimGrid计算方法和m的循环条件(在宽度或高度除以块大小之前,这似乎是错误的).

即使我为本指南找到的解决方案指南似乎也建议它只是一个简单的索引检查,所以我想我错过了一些非常基本的东西.

最佳答案
当矩阵尺寸不是图块尺寸的倍数时,可能会发生某些图块仅部分覆盖矩阵.落在不完全重叠的瓷砖之外的瓷砖元素应该适当地归零.因此,将代码扩展到任意大小的矩阵很容易,但不需要进行简单的索引检查.下面,我正在复制并粘贴我的版本的平铺矩阵 – 矩阵乘法内核和任意大小的矩阵

__global__ void MatMul(float* A, float* B, float* C, int ARows, int ACols, int BRows,
    int BCols, int CRows, int CCols)
{
    float CValue = 0;

    int Row = blockIdx.y*TILE_DIM + threadIdx.y;
    int Col = blockIdx.x*TILE_DIM + threadIdx.x;

    __shared__ float As[TILE_DIM][TILE_DIM];
    __shared__ float Bs[TILE_DIM][TILE_DIM];

    for (int k = 0; k < (TILE_DIM + ACols - 1)/TILE_DIM; k++) {

         if (k*TILE_DIM + threadIdx.x < ACols && Row < ARows)
             As[threadIdx.y][threadIdx.x] = A[Row*ACols + k*TILE_DIM + threadIdx.x];
         else
             As[threadIdx.y][threadIdx.x] = 0.0;

         if (k*TILE_DIM + threadIdx.y < BRows && Col < BCols)
             Bs[threadIdx.y][threadIdx.x] = B[(k*TILE_DIM + threadIdx.y)*BCols + Col];
         else
             Bs[threadIdx.y][threadIdx.x] = 0.0;

         __syncthreads();

         for (int n = 0; n < TILE_DIM; ++n)
             CValue += As[threadIdx.y][n] * Bs[n][threadIdx.x];

         __syncthreads();
    }

    if (Row < CRows && Col < CCols)
        C[((blockIdx.y * blockDim.y + threadIdx.y)*CCols) +
           (blockIdx.x * blockDim.x)+ threadIdx.x] = CValue;
}

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