java – 尝试使用Spring Boot REST从POST读取JSON字符串

我使用最新版本的Spring Boot通过Restful Web Service读取JSON示例…

这是我的pom.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"       
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 
         http://maven.apache.org/maven-v4_0_0.xsd"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">

    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
    <artifactId>myservice</artifactId>
    <version>0.1.0</version>

    <parent>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
        <version>1.2.2.RELEASE</version>
    </parent>

    <properties>
        <java.version>1.7</java.version>
        <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
        <project.reporting.outputEncoding>UTF-8</project.reporting.outputEncoding>
    </properties>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.data</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-data-rest-webmvc</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
    </dependencies>

    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>

    <repositories>
        <repository>
            <id>spring-releases</id>
            <name>Spring Releases</name>
            <url>https://repo.spring.io/libs-release</url>
        </repository>
        <repository>
            <id>org.jboss.repository.releases</id>
            <name>JBoss Maven Release Repository</name>
            <url>https://repository.jboss.org/nexus/content/repositories/releases</url>
        </repository>
    </repositories>

    <pluginRepositories>
        <pluginRepository>
            <id>spring-releases</id>
            <name>Spring Releases</name>
            <url>https://repo.spring.io/libs-release</url>
        </pluginRepository>
    </pluginRepositories>

</project>

这是我的Web服务代码:

import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestBody;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

@RestController
@RequestMapping("/myservice")
public class BaseService {  

    @RequestMapping(value="/process", method = RequestMethod.POST)
    public void process(@RequestBody String payload) throws Exception {
        System.out.println(payload);
    }
}

当我使用以下命令调用它:

curl -H "Accept: application/json" -H "Content-type: application/json" 
-X POST -d '{"name":"value"}' http://localhost:8080/myservice/process

我收到这个错误消息:

{"timestamp":1427515733546,"status":400,
 "error":"Bad Request",

"exception":
"org.springframework.http.converter.HttpMessageNotReadableException","
 message":
 "Could not read JSON: Can not deserialize instance of java.lang.String
  out of START_OBJECT token\n at 

 [Source: java.io.PushbackInputStream@8252f; line: 1, column: 1]; 
  nested    exception is com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.JsonMappingException:
  Can not deserialize instance of java.lang.String out of START_OBJECT token\n    
  at [Source: java.io.PushbackInputStream@8252f; line: 1, column: 1]",
  "path":"/myservice/process"

我唯一要做的是传递一些有效的JSON(通过curl作为一个字符串),并查看String的有效负载是否以{“name”:“value”}的形式输入进程方法.

我可能做错了什么?

感谢您抽出时间来阅读…

我认为消耗JSON的最简单/方便的方法是使用类似于您的JSON:http://stackoverflow.com/a/6019761的Java类

但是如果您不能使用Java类,则可以使用这两个解决方案之一.

解决方案1:您可以接收Map< String,Object>从你的控制器:

@RequestMapping(
    value = "/process", 
    method = RequestMethod.POST)
public void process(@RequestBody Map<String, Object> payload) 
    throws Exception {

  System.out.println(payload);

}

使用您的请求:

curl -H "Accept: application/json" -H "Content-type: application/json" \
-X POST -d '{"name":"value"}' http://localhost:8080/myservice/process

解决方案2:否则您可以将POST有效内容作为字符串获取:

@RequestMapping(
    value = "/process", 
    method = RequestMethod.POST,
    consumes = "text/plain")
public void process(@RequestBody String payload) throws Exception {

  System.out.println(payload);

}

然后根据需要解析字符串.请注意,您的控制器上必须指定消耗=“text / plain”.
在这种情况下,您必须使用Content-type更改您的请求:text / plain:

curl -H "Accept: application/json" -H "Content-type: text/plain" -X POST \
-d '{"name":"value"}' http://localhost:8080/myservice/process
http://stackoverflow.com/questions/29313687/trying-to-use-spring-boot-rest-to-read-json-string-from-post

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