在TSQL错误消息中获取文件中的行号

考虑下面的sql脚本

:ON ERROR EXIT

PRINT 'Line 3'
GO

PRINT 'Line 6'
GO

SELECT * FROM NonExistingTable
GO

PRINT 'Line 12'
GO

使用SQLCMD运行时

> sqlcmd -i MyScript.sql
Line 3
Line 6
Msg 208, Level 16, State 1, Server MyServer, Line 2
Invalid object name 'NonExistingTable'.

当您在启用了SQLCMD模式的SQL Server Management Studio中运行时,您可以获得

Line 3
Line 6
Msg 208, Level 16, State 1, Server MyServer, Line 2
Invalid object name 'NonExistingTable'.
** An error was encountered during execution of batch. Exiting.

但是当您双击错误行时,查询编辑器将跳转到有问题的行.

报告行2表示相对于批次的行号.批量由GO语句分隔.我们想要得到一个真正的第9行答案.

我也尝试过PowerShell的Invoke-Sqlcmd,但更糟糕的是,因为它根本没有检测到这样的错误(Error detection from Powershell Invoke-Sqlcmd not always working?).

有没有一个简单的方法来包装我们的sql脚本与一些帮助来获得所需的真正的错误行?

UPD:我已经更改了错误脚本,以确保它会失败确定…

最佳答案
这是我想出的解决方案:https://github.com/mnaoumov/Invoke-SqlcmdEx

现在

> .\Invoke-SqlcmdEx.ps1 -InputFile .\MyScript.sql
Line 3
Line 6
Msg 208, Level 16, State 1, Server MyServer, Script .\MyScript.ps1, Line 9
Invalid object name 'NonExistingTable'.

sqlcmd failed for script .\MyScript.ps1 with exit code 1
At C:\Dev\Invoke-SqlcmdEx\Invoke-SqlcmdEx.ps1:77 char:18
+             throw <<<<  "sqlcmd failed for script $InputFile with exit code $LASTEXITCODE"
    + CategoryInfo          : OperationStopped: (sqlcmd failed f...ith exit code 1:String) [], RuntimeException
    + FullyQualifiedErrorId : sqlcmd failed for script .\MyScript.ps1 with exit code 1

它有一个正确的第9行输出

以防万一我也在这里列出了脚本.该脚本可能看起来像一个过分的,但它是这样写的,以便完全支持所有SQLCMD脚本功能并正确处理事务

调用-SqlcmdEx.ps1

#requires -version 2.0

[CmdletBinding()]
param
(
    [string] $ServerInstance = ".",
    [string] $Database = "master",
    [string] $User,
    [string] $Password,

    [Parameter(Mandatory = $true)]
    [string] $InputFile
)

$script:ErrorActionPreference = "Stop"
Set-StrictMode -Version Latest
function PSScriptRoot { $MyInvocation.ScriptName | Split-Path }

trap { throw $Error[0] }

function Main
{
    if (-not (Get-Command -Name sqlcmd.exe -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue))
    {
        throw "sqlcmd.exe not found"
    }

    $scriptLines = Get-Content -Path $InputFile
    $extendedLines = @()

    $offset = 0
    foreach ($line in $scriptLines)
    {
        $offset++
        if ($line -match "^\s*GO\s*$")
        {
            $extendedLines += `
                @(
                    "GO",
                    "PRINT '~~~ Invoke-SqlcmdEx Helper - Offset $offset'"
                )
        }

        $extendedLines += $line
    }

    $tempFile = [System.IO.Path]::GetTempFileName()

    try
    {
        $extendedLines > $tempFile

        $sqlCmdArguments = Get-SqlCmdArguments

        $ErrorActionPreference = "Continue"
        $result = sqlcmd.exe $sqlCmdArguments -i $tempFile 2>&1
        $ErrorActionPreference = "Stop"

        $offset = 0
        $result | ForEach-Object -Process `
            {
                $line = "$_"
                if ($line -match "~~~ Invoke-SqlcmdEx Helper - Offset (?<Offset>\d+)")
                {
                    $offset = [int] $Matches.Offset
                }
                elseif (($_ -is [System.Management.Automation.ErrorRecord]) -and ($line -match "Line (?<ErrorLine>\d+)$"))
                {
                    $errorLine = [int] $Matches.ErrorLine
                    $realErrorLine = $offset + $errorLine
                    $line -replace "Line \d+$", "Script $InputFile, Line $realErrorLine"
                }
                else
                {
                    $line
                }
            }

        if ($LASTEXITCODE -ne 0)
        {
            throw "sqlcmd failed for script $InputFile with exit code $LASTEXITCODE"
        }
    }
    finally
    {
        Remove-Item -Path $tempFile -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue
    }
}

function Get-SqlCmdArguments
{
    $sqlCmdArguments = `
        @(
            "-S",
            $ServerInstance,
            "-d",
            $Database,
            "-b",
            "-r",
            0
        )

    if ($User)
    {
        $sqlCmdArguments += `
            @(
                "-U",
                $User,
                "-P",
                $Password
            )
    }
    else
    {
        $sqlCmdArguments += "-E"
    }

    $sqlCmdArguments
}

Main

UPD:@MartinSmith提供了一个整洁的想法,使用LINENO aproach.

这是使用这种方法的版本:https://github.com/mnaoumov/Invoke-SqlcmdEx/blob/LINENO/Invoke-SqlcmdEx.ps1它在每个GO语句之后基本上插入LINENO [对应行号].

但是,如果我们考虑以下脚本

IF NOT EXISTS (SELECT * FROM sys.objects WHERE object_id = OBJECT_ID('dbo.MyFunction') AND type = 'FN')
    EXEC sp_executesql N'CREATE FUNCTION dbo.MyFunction() RETURNS int AS BEGIN RETURN 0 END'
GO
LINENO 3

ALTER FUNCTION dbo.MyFunction()
RETURNS int
AS
BEGIN
    RETURN 42
END
GO

它会失败

> sqlcmd -i MyScript.sql
Msg 111, Level 15, State 1, Server MyServer, Line 5
'ALTER FUNCTION' must be the first statement in a query batch.
Msg 178, Level 15, State 1, Server MyServer, Line 9
A RETURN statement with a return value cannot be used in this context.

因此,LINENO方法对于在查询批次中必须是第一个的语句将不起作用.以下是此类语句的列表:http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms175502.aspx:CREATE DEFAULT,CREATE FUNCTION,CREATE PROCEDURE,CREATE RULE,CREATE SCHEMA,CREATE TRIGGER和CREATE VIEW.没有提到ALTER语句,但我认为规则也适用于它们

转载注明原文:在TSQL错误消息中获取文件中的行号 - 代码日志