python – 从另一个数组中的数组中删除元素

说我有这些2D数组A和B.

如何从B中删除元素.(在集合理论中补充:A-B)

A=np.asarray([[1,1,1], [1,1,2], [1,1,3], [1,1,4]])
B=np.asarray([[0,0,0], [1,0,2], [1,0,3], [1,0,4], [1,1,0], [1,1,1], [1,1,4]])
#output = [[1,1,2], [1,1,3]]

更准确地说,我想做这样的事情.

data = some numpy array
label = some numpy array
A = np.argwhere(label==0) #[[1 1 1], [1 1 2], [1 1 3], [1 1 4]]
B = np.argwhere(data>1.5) #[[0 0 0], [1 0 2], [1 0 3], [1 0 4], [1 1 0], [1 1 1], [1 1 4]]
out = np.argwhere(label==0 and data>1.5) #[[1 1 2], [1 1 3]]
最佳答案
基于this solutionFind the row indexes of several values in a numpy array,这是一个基于NumPy的解决方案,内存占用更少,并且在使用大阵列时可能是有益的 –

dims = np.maximum(B.max(0),A.max(0))+1
out = A[~np.in1d(np.ravel_multi_index(A.T,dims),np.ravel_multi_index(B.T,dims))]

样品运行 –

In [38]: A
Out[38]: 
array([[1, 1, 1],
       [1, 1, 2],
       [1, 1, 3],
       [1, 1, 4]])

In [39]: B
Out[39]: 
array([[0, 0, 0],
       [1, 0, 2],
       [1, 0, 3],
       [1, 0, 4],
       [1, 1, 0],
       [1, 1, 1],
       [1, 1, 4]])

In [40]: out
Out[40]: 
array([[1, 1, 2],
       [1, 1, 3]])

大型阵列的运行时测试 –

In [107]: def in1d_approach(A,B):
     ...:     dims = np.maximum(B.max(0),A.max(0))+1
     ...:     return A[~np.in1d(np.ravel_multi_index(A.T,dims),\
     ...:                     np.ravel_multi_index(B.T,dims))]
     ...: 

In [108]: # Setup arrays with B as large array and A contains some of B's rows
     ...: B = np.random.randint(0,9,(1000,3))
     ...: A = np.random.randint(0,9,(100,3))
     ...: A_idx = np.random.choice(np.arange(A.shape[0]),size=10,replace=0)
     ...: B_idx = np.random.choice(np.arange(B.shape[0]),size=10,replace=0)
     ...: A[A_idx] = B[B_idx]
     ...: 

基于广播的解决方案的时间表 –

In [109]: %timeit A[np.all(np.any((A-B[:, None]), axis=2), axis=0)]
100 loops, best of 3: 4.64 ms per loop # @Kasramvd's soln

In [110]: %timeit A[~((A[:,None,:] == B).all(-1)).any(1)]
100 loops, best of 3: 3.66 ms per loop

基于更少内存占用的解决方案的时序 –

In [111]: %timeit in1d_approach(A,B)
1000 loops, best of 3: 231 µs per loop

进一步表现提升

in1d_approach通过将每行作为索引元组来减少每一行.通过使用np.dot引入矩阵乘法,我们可以更有效地做同样的事情,像这样 –

def in1d_dot_approach(A,B):
    cumdims = (np.maximum(A.max(),B.max())+1)**np.arange(B.shape[1])
    return A[~np.in1d(A.dot(cumdims),B.dot(cumdims))]

我们来测试它与以前的更大的数组 –

In [251]: # Setup arrays with B as large array and A contains some of B's rows
     ...: B = np.random.randint(0,9,(10000,3))
     ...: A = np.random.randint(0,9,(1000,3))
     ...: A_idx = np.random.choice(np.arange(A.shape[0]),size=10,replace=0)
     ...: B_idx = np.random.choice(np.arange(B.shape[0]),size=10,replace=0)
     ...: A[A_idx] = B[B_idx]
     ...: 

In [252]: %timeit in1d_approach(A,B)
1000 loops, best of 3: 1.28 ms per loop

In [253]: %timeit in1d_dot_approach(A, B)
1000 loops, best of 3: 1.2 ms per loop

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