c# – 性能计数器当前进程的CPU使用率超过100

我想显示我的多线程应用程序的CPU使用情况(在多核处理器上工作).我想要接收任务管理员的数字.但我的数字超过100%.甚至超过500%.是的,我知道,除了“进程”类别的“%处理器时间”,我需要划分为Environment.ProcessorCount或“NumberOfLogicalProcessors”(与我的配置相同). 500%是此次操作后的结果.我在具有不同硬件(i7,i5,Core2)和软件配置(Windows 7 SP1与所有更新,Windows 2008 R2 SP1和所有更新)的不同计算机上测试了此示例,并遇到了同样的问题.

public static class SystemInfo
{
    private static Process _thisProc;
    private static bool HasData = false;
    private static PerformanceCounter _processTimeCounter;

    private static void Init()
    {
        if (HasData)
            return;

        if (CheckForPerformanceCounterCategoryExist("Process"))
        {
            _processTimeCounter = new PerformanceCounter();
            _processTimeCounter.CategoryName = "Process";
            _processTimeCounter.CounterName = "% Processor Time";
            _processTimeCounter.InstanceName = FindInstanceName("Process");
            _processTimeCounter.NextValue();
        }

        MaximumCpuUsageForCurrentProcess = 0;
        HasData = true;
    }

    private static bool CheckForPerformanceCounterCategoryExist(string categoryName)
    {
        return PerformanceCounterCategory.Exists(categoryName);
    }

    public static string FindInstanceName(string categoryName)
    {
        string result = String.Empty;
        _thisProc = Process.GetCurrentProcess();

        if (!ReferenceEquals(_thisProc, null))
        {
            if (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(categoryName))
            {
                if (CheckForPerformanceCounterCategoryExist(categoryName))
                {
                    PerformanceCounterCategory category = new PerformanceCounterCategory(categoryName);
                    string[] instances = category.GetInstanceNames();
                    string processName = _thisProc.ProcessName;

                    if (instances != null)
                    {
                        foreach (string instance in instances)
                        {
                            if (instance.ToLower().Equals(processName.ToLower()))
                            {
                                result = instance;
                                break;
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
        return result;
    }

    public static int CpuUsageForCurrentProcess
    {
        get
        {
            Init();

            if (!ReferenceEquals(_processTimeCounter, null))
            {
                int result = (int) _processTimeCounter.NextValue();
                result /= Environment.ProcessorCount; //NumberOfLogicalProcessors //same for me

                if (MaximumCpuUsageForCurrentProcess < result)
                    MaximumCpuUsageForCurrentProcess = result;

                return result;
            }
            return 0;
        }
    }

    public static int MaximumCpuUsageForCurrentProcess { private set; get; }
}

和代码执行(您需要使用两个标签创建Windows窗体应用程序,一个BackgroundWorker和一个按钮)

    private void backgroundWorker1_DoWork(object sender, DoWorkEventArgs e)
    {
        IList<Task> tasks = new List<Task>();
        for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
        {
            Task t = new Task(() =>
            {
                do {
                    if (backgroundWorker1.CancellationPending)
                        break;
                } while (true);
            });
            t.Start();
            tasks.Add(t);
        }

        Task displayProgress = new Task(() => { do {
                                                    if (backgroundWorker1.CancellationPending)
                                                        break;
                                                    backgroundWorker1.ReportProgress(1);
                                                    Thread.Sleep(10);
                                                } while (true); });
        displayProgress.Start();
        tasks.Add(displayProgress);

        Task.WaitAll(tasks.ToArray());
    }

    private void backgroundWorker1_ProgressChanged(object sender, ProgressChangedEventArgs e)
    {
        label1.Text = SystemInfo.CpuUsageForCurrentProcess.ToString();
        label2.Text = SystemInfo.MaximumCpuUsageForCurrentProcess.ToString();
    }

    private void button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        label1.Text = SystemInfo.CpuUsageForCurrentProcess.ToString();

        if (backgroundWorker1.IsBusy)
            backgroundWorker1.CancelAsync();
        else
            backgroundWorker1.RunWorkerAsync();
    }

请告诉我我的错误.是的,我读了this article,注意到了

“\Process(…)\% Processor Time” can go up to N*100 (where N is the number of CPUs) because it adds up the CPU usage of the requested process across all the CPUs.

This(有些相关)的问题表明使用System.Diagnostics.Process.TotalProcessorTimeSystem.Diagnostics.ProcessThread.TotalProcessorTime属性代替低开销和容易实现.

(编辑:Here’s an article解释如何使用属性,以及.)

此外,它看起来像在“_processTimeCounter.NextValue()”的调用之间不够等待.根据the documentation,你应该等待至少1秒钟.不知道是否会导致你的奇怪的数字.

翻译自:https://stackoverflow.com/questions/9501645/performance-counter-cpu-usage-for-current-process-is-more-than-100

转载注明原文:c# – 性能计数器当前进程的CPU使用率超过100