c# – 将字节数组转换为托管结构

更新:这个问题的答案帮助我编写了开源项目AlicanC’s Modern Warfare 2 Tool on GitHub.可以看到我在MW2Packets.cs中如何读取这些数据包以及我编码的扩展名,以便在Extensions.cs中读取大数据.

我在C#应用程序中使用Pcap.Net捕获了Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2的UDP数据包.我从图书馆收到一个字节[].我试图像一个字符串一样解析它,但是效果不佳.

byte []我已经有一个通用的数据包头,然后另一个特定于数据包类型的头,然后就是大厅里每个玩家的信息.

有帮助的人检查了一些数据包,并提出了这些结构:

// Fields are big endian unless specified otherwise.
struct packet_header
{
    uint16_t magic;
    uint16_t packet_size;
    uint32_t unknown1;
    uint32_t unknown2;
    uint32_t unknown3;
    uint32_t unknown4;
    uint16_t unknown5;
    uint16_t unknown6;
    uint32_t unknown7;
    uint32_t unknown8;
    cstring_t packet_type; // \0 terminated string
};

// Fields are little endian unless specified otherwise.
struct header_partystate //Header for the "partystate" packet type
{
    uint32_t unknown1;
    uint8_t unknown2;
    uint8_t player_entry_count;
    uint32_t unknown4;
    uint32_t unknown5;
    uint32_t unknown6;
    uint32_t unknown7;
    uint8_t unknown8;
    uint32_t unknown9;
    uint16_t unknown10;
    uint8_t unknown11;
    uint8_t unknown12[9];
    uint32_t unknown13;
    uint32_t unknown14;
    uint16_t unknown15;
    uint16_t unknown16;
    uint32_t unknown17[10];
    uint32_t unknown18;
    uint32_t unknown19;
    uint8_t unknown20;
    uint32_t unknown21;
    uint32_t unknown22;
    uint32_t unknown23;
};

// Fields are little endian unless specified otherwise.
struct player_entry
{
    uint8_t player_id;

    // The following fields may not actually exist in the data if it's an empty entry.
    uint8_t unknown1[3];
    cstring_t player_name;
    uint32_t unknown2;
    uint64_t steam_id;
    uint32_t internal_ip;
    uint32_t external_ip;
    uint16_t unknown3;
    uint16_t unknown4;
    uint32_t unknown5;
    uint32_t unknown6;
    uint32_t unknown7;
    uint32_t unknown8;
    uint32_t unknown9;
    uint32_t unknown10;
    uint32_t unknown11;
    uint32_t unknown12;
    uint16_t unknown13;
    uint8_t unknown14[???];     // Appears to be a bit mask, sometimes the length is zero, sometimes it's one. (First entry is always zero?)
    uint8_t unknown15;
    uint32_t unknown16;
    uint16_t unknown17;
    uint8_t unknown18[???];     // Most of the time this is 4 bytes, other times it is 3 bytes.
};

我在C#应用程序中重新创建了数据包头结构,如下所示:

[StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential, Pack=1)]
struct PacketHeader
{
    public UInt16 magic;
    public UInt16 packetSize;
    public UInt32 unknown1;
    public UInt32 unknown2;
    public UInt32 unknown3;
    public UInt32 unknown4;
    public UInt16 unknown5;
    public UInt16 unknown6;
    public UInt32 unknown7;
    public UInt32 unknown8;
    public String packetType;
}

然后我试图为“partystate”标题做一个结构,但是我收到错误说固定的关键字是不安全的:

[StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential, Pack=1)]
struct PartyStateHeader
{
    UInt32 unknown1;
    Byte unknown2;
    Byte playerEntryCount;
    UInt32 unknown4;
    UInt32 unknown5;
    UInt32 unknown6;
    UInt32 unknown7;
    Byte unknown8;
    UInt32 unknown9;
    UInt16 unknown10;
    Byte unknown11;
    fixed Byte unknown12[9];
    UInt32 unknown13;
    UInt32 unknown14;
    UInt16 unknown15;
    UInt16 unknown16;
    fixed UInt32 unknown17[10];
    UInt32 unknown18;
    UInt32 unknown19;
    Byte unknown20;
    UInt32 unknown21;
    UInt32 unknown22;
    UInt32 unknown23;
}

由于unknown14和unknown18的大小不同,我无法为玩家输入任何内容. (玩家条目是最重要的.)

现在,不知何故,我必须转换这个byteHeader结构的字节.可悲的是,(PacketHeader)字节不容易.我尝试了这种在互联网上找到的方法,但它抛出一个AccessViolationException:

GCHandle handle = GCHandle.Alloc(bytes, GCHandleType.Pinned);
PacketHeader packetHeader = (PacketHeader)Marshal.PtrToStructure(handle.AddrOfPinnedObject(), typeof(PacketHeader));

我该如何实现?

最佳答案
我会把字节数组变成一个内存流.然后在该流中实例化二进制读取器.然后定义使用二进制读取器并解析单个类的帮助函数.

内置的BinaryReader类总是使用小端.

我在这里使用类而不是结构体.

class PacketHeader 
{
    uint16_t magic;
    uint16_t packet_size;
    uint32_t unknown1;
    uint32_t unknown2;
    uint32_t unknown3;
    uint32_t unknown4;
    uint16_t unknown5;
    uint16_t unknown6;
    uint32_t unknown7;
    uint32_t unknown8;
    string packet_type; // replaced with a real string
};

PacketHeader ReadPacketHeader(BinaryReader reader)
{
  var result=new PacketHeader();
  result.magic = reader.ReadInt16();
  ...
  result.packet_type=ReadCString();//Some helper function you might need to define yourself
  return result;
}

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