使用JSON键作为嵌套JSON中的属性

我正在使用python 2.7中嵌套的类似JSON的数据结构,我用一些外来的perl代码进行交换.我只想以amore pythonic方式“使用”这些嵌套的列表和字典结构.

所以如果我有这样的结构……

a = {
    'x': 4,
    'y': [2, 3, { 'a': 55, 'b': 66 }],
}

…我希望能够在python脚本中处理它,就好像它是嵌套的python classes / Structs一样,如下所示:

>>> aa = j2p(a)  # <<- this is what I'm after.
>>> print aa.x
4
>>> aa.z = 99
>>> print a
{
    'x': 4,
    'y': [2, 3, { 'a': 55, 'b': 66 }],
    'z': 99
}

>>> aa.y[2].b = 999

>>> print a
{
    'x': 4,
    'y': [2, 3, { 'a': 55, 'b': 999 }],
    'z': 99
}

因此,aa是原始结构的代理.这是我到目前为止提出的,受到优秀的What is a metaclass in Python?问题的启发.

def j2p(x):
    """j2p creates a pythonic interface to nested arrays and
    dictionaries, as returned by json readers.

    >>> a = { 'x':[5,8], 'y':5}
    >>> aa = j2p(a)
    >>> aa.y=7
    >>> print a
    {'x': [5, 8], 'y':7}
    >>> aa.x[1]=99
    >>> print a
    {'x': [5, 99], 'y':7}

    >>> aa.x[0] = {'g':5, 'h':9}
    >>> print a
    {'x': [ {'g':5, 'h':9} , 99], 'y':7}
    >>> print aa.x[0].g
    5
    """
    if isinstance(x, list):
        return _list_proxy(x)
    elif isinstance(x, dict):
        return _dict_proxy(x)
    else:
        return x

class _list_proxy(object):
    def __init__(self, proxied_list):
        object.__setattr__(self, 'data', proxied_list)
    def __getitem__(self, a):
        return j2p(object.__getattribute__(self, 'data').__getitem__(a))
    def __setitem__(self, a, v):
        return object.__getattribute__(self, 'data').__setitem__(a, v)


class _dict_proxy(_list_proxy):
    def __init__(self, proxied_dict):
        _list_proxy.__init__(self, proxied_dict)
    def __getattribute__(self, a):
        return j2p(object.__getattribute__(self, 'data').__getitem__(a))
    def __setattr__(self, a, v):
        return object.__getattribute__(self, 'data').__setitem__(a, v)


def p2j(x):
    """p2j gives back the underlying json-ic json-ic nested
    dictionary/list structure of an object or attribute created with
    j2p.
    """
    if isinstance(x, (_list_proxy, _dict_proxy)):
        return object.__getattribute__(x, 'data')
    else:
        return x

现在我想知道是否有一种优雅的方法来映射整套__ * __特殊函数,比如__iter __,__ delitem__?所以我不需要使用p2j()来解开东西来迭代或做其他pythonic的东西.

# today:
for i in p2j(aa.y):
     print i
# would like to...
for i in aa.y:
     print i
有一个an attrdict library以一种非常安全的方式完成了这一点,但是如果你愿意,在this answer中给出了一种快速而肮脏的(可能是泄漏的记忆)方法:

class AttrDict(dict):
    def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
        super(AttrDict, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
        self.__dict__ = self

j = '{"y": [2, 3, {"a": 55, "b": 66}], "x": 4}'
aa = json.loads(j, object_hook=AttrDict)
翻译自:https://stackoverflow.com/questions/10026797/using-json-keys-as-attributes-in-nested-json

转载注明原文:使用JSON键作为嵌套JSON中的属性