c – 我可以使用std :: vector作为预分配(原始)数组的外观吗?

我从DirectX获取了存储顶点信息的存储位置.处理顶点信息的一种非常方便的方法是使用std :: vector<>包含顶点信息的结构.

鉴于我有一个指向大缓冲区的指针,我可以使用std :: vector来管理缓冲区中的元素吗?经常构造一个std :: vector使它有自己的地址,这不是我想要的.我能以某种方式使用新的运算符放置吗?

最佳答案
是的你可以.使用custom allocator.在此DirectX内存的分配器返回地址中.

以下是基于Compelling examples of custom C++ STL allocators?答案的完整考试.此解决方案在分配器中使用新的位置.

#include <memory>
#include <iostream>
#include <vector>

using namespace std;

template <typename T>
class placement_memory_allocator: public std::allocator<T>
{
    void* pre_allocated_memory;
public:
    typedef size_t size_type;
    typedef T* pointer;
    typedef const T* const_pointer;

    template<typename _Tp1>
    struct rebind
    {
            typedef placement_memory_allocator<_Tp1> other;
    };

    pointer allocate(size_type n, const void *hint=0)
    {
            char* p = new(pre_allocated_memory)char[n * sizeof(T)];
            cout << "Alloc " << n * sizeof(T) << " bytes @" << hex << (void*)p <<endl;
            return (T*)p;
    }

    void deallocate(pointer p, size_type n)
    {
            cout << "Dealloc " << n << " bytes @" << hex << p << endl;
            //delete p;
    }

    placement_memory_allocator(void* p = 0) throw(): std::allocator<T>(), pre_allocated_memory(p) { cout << "Hello allocator!" << endl; }
    placement_memory_allocator(const placement_memory_allocator &a) throw(): std::allocator<T>(a) {pre_allocated_memory = a.pre_allocated_memory;}
    ~placement_memory_allocator() throw() { }
};

class MyClass
{   
    char empty[10];
    char* name;
public:
    MyClass(char* n) : name(n){ cout << "MyClass: " << name << " @" << hex << (void*)this << endl; }
    MyClass(const MyClass& s){ name = s.name; cout << "=MyClass: " << s.name << " @" << hex << (void*)this << endl; }
    ~MyClass(){ cout << "~MyClass: " << name << " @" << hex << (void*)this <<  endl; }
};

int main()
{
    // create allocator object, intialized with DirectX memory ptr.
    placement_memory_allocator<MyClass> pl(DIRECT_X_MEMORY_PTR);
    //Create vector object, which use the created allocator object.
    vector<MyClass, placement_memory_allocator<MyClass>> v(pl);
    // !important! reserve all the memory of directx buffer.
    // try to comment this line and rerun to see the difference
    v.reserve( DIRECT_X_MEMORY_SIZE_IN_BYTES / sizeof(MyClass));

    //some push backs.
    v.push_back(MyClass("first"));
    cout << "Done1" << endl;
    v.push_back(MyClass("second"));
    cout << "Done1" << endl;
    v.push_back(MyClass("third"));
    cout << "Done1" << endl;

}

转载注明原文:c – 我可以使用std :: vector作为预分配(原始)数组的外观吗? - 代码日志