无法让UserDetailsManager注入Spring Boot和基于Java的配置

我有spring boot webapp,它使用基于Java的配置来配置JdbcUserDetailsManager:

@Configuration
@EnableWebMvcSecurity
public class SecurityConfig extends WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter {

    @Autowired
    protected DataSource dataSource;

    @Autowired
    public void configAuthentication(AuthenticationManagerBuilder auth) throws Exception {
      auth.jdbcAuthentication()                
        .dataSource(dataSource)                
        .usersByUsernameQuery("select username as principal, password as credentials, true from users where username = ?")               
        .authoritiesByUsernameQuery("select username as principal, authority as role from authorities where username = ?")                
        .rolePrefix("ROLE_");
    }   

    @Override
    protected void configure(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {
        http
            .csrf().disable()
            .authorizeRequests()
                .antMatchers("/api/**")
                .authenticated()
            .and()
            .formLogin()
                .successHandler(
                    (request, response, authentication) -> {
                        response.setStatus(HttpStatus.NO_CONTENT.value());
                    })
                .failureHandler(
                    (request, response, authentication) -> {
                        response.setStatus(HttpStatus.FORBIDDEN.value());
                    })
            .and()
            .logout()
                .logoutUrl("/logout")
                .logoutSuccessHandler(
                    (request, response, authentication) -> {
                        response.setStatus(HttpStatus.NO_CONTENT.value());
                    }); 
    }

}

我可以在configAuthentication()中设置断点,所以我知道该方法被调用.我现在想要在我的Application类中注入JdbcUserDetailsManager:

@EnableAutoConfiguration
@ComponentScan
public class Application {

    private Environment env;
    private UserDetailsManager userDetailsManager;

    @Autowired
    public Application(JdbcTemplate jdbcTemplate, Environment env, UserDetailsManager userDetailsManager) {
        this.env = env;
        this.userDetailsManager = userDetailsManager;
        ...

当我尝试启动我的应用程序时,出现以下错误:

org.springframework.beans.factory.UnsatisfiedDependencyException: Error creating bean with name 'application': Unsatisfied dependency expressed through constructor argument with index 2 of type [org.springframework.security.provisioning.UserDetailsManager]: : No qualifying bean of type [org.springframework.security.provisioning.UserDetailsManager] found for dependency: expected at least 1 bean which qualifies as autowire candidate for this dependency. Dependency annotations: {}; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.NoSuchBeanDefinitionException: No qualifying bean of type [org.springframework.security.provisioning.UserDetailsManager] found for dependency: expected at least 1 bean which qualifies as autowire candidate for this dependency. Dependency annotations: {}

但我知道在调用Application构造函数之前,JdbcUserDetailsManager正在实例化.这里发生了什么?如何验证JdbcUserDetailsManager实际上是否已在上下文中注册?

更新:通过如下更改我的SecurityConfig,我能够解决问题:

@Configuration
@EnableWebMvcSecurity
public class SecurityConfig extends WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter {

    @Autowired
    protected DataSource dataSource;
    private JdbcUserDetailsManager userDetailsManager;

    @Autowired
    public void configAuthentication(AuthenticationManagerBuilder auth) throws Exception {
        this.userDetailsManager = auth.jdbcAuthentication().dataSource(dataSource)
            .usersByUsernameQuery(
                "select username,password,enabled from users where username=?")
            .authoritiesByUsernameQuery(
                "select username, role from user_roles where username=?").getUserDetailsService();
    }

    @Bean(name = "userDetailsManager")
    public JdbcUserDetailsManager getUserDetailsManager() {
        return userDetailsManager;
    }

    @Override
    protected void configure(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {
        http
            .csrf().disable()
            .authorizeRequests()
            .antMatchers("/api/**")
            .authenticated()
            .and()
            .formLogin()
            .successHandler(
                (request, response, authentication) -> {
                    response.setStatus(HttpStatus.NO_CONTENT.value());
                })
            .failureHandler(
                (request, response, authentication) -> {
                    response.setStatus(HttpStatus.FORBIDDEN.value());
                })
            .and()
            .logout()
            .logoutUrl("/logout")
            .logoutSuccessHandler(
                (request, response, authentication) -> {
                    response.setStatus(HttpStatus.NO_CONTENT.value());
                });
    }

}

前往PlínioPantaleão,让我朝着正确的方向前进.不幸的是,我无法将赏金奖励给他们.我还不清楚为什么AuthenticationManagerBuilder不会自动在上下文中将UserDetailsS​​ervice注册为Bean.如果有人可以提供一个权威的答案,说明为什么我必须提供一个吸气剂,或者可以解释如何让它在没有吸气剂的情况下工作(对我来说感觉有些笨拙),我将奖励这个答案的赏金.

最佳答案
Spring注入bean,因此你必须在上下文中有一个bean来进行注入.

但是不要在configAuthentication()方法中创建bean.在它自己的方法中创建它,然后从configAuthentication()方法引用它.像这样:

@Bean
public JdbcUserDetailsManager userDetailsManager() {
    JdbcUserDetailsManager manager = new JdbcUserDetailsManager();
    manager.setDataSource(dataSource);
    manager.setUsersByUsernameQuery(
        "select username,password,enabled from users where username=?");
    manager.setAuthoritiesByUsernameQuery(
        "select username, role from user_roles where username=?");
    manager.setRolePrefix("ROLE_");
    return manager;
}

@Autowired
public void configAuthentication(AuthenticationManagerBuilder builder)
        throws Exception {

    builder.userDetailsService(userDetailsManager());
}

现在userDetailsManager()生成一个正确配置的bean(允许注入),并且您正在使用它进行身份验证. Spring在这里做了一些魔术,以确保重复调用userDetailsManager()(或任何其他bean定义)一遍又一遍地返回相同的对象,而不是每次都创建新的实例.

我将您的方法名称从getUserDetailsManager()更改为userDetailsManager().这个方法是一个bean定义,而不是一个getter,所以这就是原因.我也从@Bean注释中删除了名称,因为Spring在这里自动使用bean名称的方法名称.

填写一些细节的附加说明:

首先,对jdbcAuthentication()的调用会产生一个新的JdbcUserDetailsManager实例,但它完全是内部的(即,不是Spring管理的bean).我们可以说,因为当有多个豆满足一次注射时,Spring会抱怨.有关详细信息,请查看AuthenticationManagerBuilder,JdbcUserDetailsManagerConfigurer和各种超类的源代码.基本上你会看到jdbcAuthentication()调用产生一个内部细节管理器,调用userDetailsS​​ervice()替换它.

其次,调用userDetailsS​​ervice()会丢弃jdbcAuthentication()配置.这是AuthenticationManagerBuilder的相关方法:

public <T extends UserDetailsService>
        DaoAuthenticationConfigurer<AuthenticationManagerBuilder,T>
        userDetailsService(T userDetailsService) throws Exception {

    this.defaultUserDetailsService = userDetailsService;
    return apply(
        new DaoAuthenticationConfigurer<AuthenticationManagerBuilder,T>
        (userDetailsService));
}

这就是为什么我们将JdbcUserDetailsManager配置移出jdbcAuthentication()片段并移入userDetailsManager()方法本身. (jdbcAuthentication()调用基本上公开了一个方便,流畅的接口来创建JdbcUserDetailsManager,但我们不需要它,因为我们已经有了JdbcUserDetailsManager.)

转载注明原文:无法让UserDetailsManager注入Spring Boot和基于Java的配置 - 代码日志