ruby-on-rails – Ruby on Rails:高级搜索

我无法理解制作高级搜索表单的最佳方法.我在互联网上有一个很好的搜索,在某些方面看,但我不能让他们工作,因为大多数建议已经过时.我已经问了一个问题,但我觉得我太具体了,我无法解决问题.我想在一个搜索按钮上搜索不同的文本框和下拉框.

EDIT2:

projects_controller:

def index
    @projects = Project.all

respond_to do |format|
      format.html # index.html.erb
      format.json { render :json => @projects }
    end
  end

def search
@project_search = Project.search(params[:search]).order(sort_column + ' ' + sort_direction).paginate(:per_page => 2, :page => params[:page])


end




  # GET /projects/1
  # GET /projects/1.json
  def show
    @project = Project.find(params[:id])

    respond_to do |format|
      format.html # show.html.erb
      format.json { render json: @project }
    end
  end

  # GET /projects/new
  # GET /projects/new.json
  def new
    @project = Project.new

    respond_to do |format|
      format.html # new.html.erb
      format.json { render json: @project }
    end
  end

  # GET /projects/1/edit
  def edit
    @project = Project.find(params[:id])
  end

  # POST /projects
  # POST /projects.json
  def create

    @project = Project.new(params[:project])


    @project.client = params[:new_client] unless params[:new_client].blank?
    @project.exception_pm = params[:new_exception_pm] unless params[:new_exception_pm].blank?
    @project.project_owner = params[:new_project_owner] unless params[:new_project_owner].blank?
    @project.role = params[:new_role] unless params[:new_role].blank?
    @project.industry = params[:new_industry] unless params[:new_industry].blank?
    @project.business_div = params[:new_business_div] unless params[:new_business_div].blank?

    respond_to do |format|
      if @project.save
        format.html { redirect_to @project, notice: 'Project was successfully created.' }
        format.json { render json: @project, status: :created, location: @project }
      else
        format.html { render action: "new" }
        format.json { render json: @project.errors, status: :unprocessable_entity }
      end
    end
  end

  # PUT /projects/1
  # PUT /projects/1.json
  def update
    @project = Project.find(params[:id])

    respond_to do |format|
      if @project.update_attributes(params[:project])
        format.html { redirect_to @project, notice: 'Project was successfully updated.' }
        format.json { head :no_content }
      else
        format.html { render action: "edit" }
        format.json { render json: @project.errors, status: :unprocessable_entity }
      end
    end
  end

  # DELETE /projects/1
  # DELETE /projects/1.json
  def destroy
    @project = Project.find(params[:id])
    @project.destroy

    respond_to do |format|
      format.html { redirect_to projects_url }
      format.json { head :no_content }
    end
  end




private

  helper_method :sort_column, :sort_direction
  def sort_column
    Project.column_names.include?(params[:sort]) ? params[:sort] : "project_name"
  end

  def sort_direction
    %w[asc desc].include?(params[:direction]) ? params[:direction] : "asc"
  end
end

搜索视图:

<h1>Search</h1>

<%= form_tag search_path, method: :get do %>
<%= hidden_field_tag :direction, params[:direction] %>
  <%= hidden_field_tag :sort, params[:sort] %>
  <%= text_field_tag :project_name, params[:project_name] %>
  <%= text_field_tag :client, params[:client] %>
  <%= submit_tag "Search", name: nil %>
<% end %>



<table class = "pretty">
<table border="1">
  <tr>
    <th><%= sortable "project_name", "Project name" %> </th>
    <th><%= sortable "client", "Client" %></th>
    <th>Exception pm</th>
    <th>Project owner</th>
    <th>Tech</th>
    <th>Role</th>
    <th>Industry</th>
    <th>Financials</th>
    <th>Business div</th>
    <th>Status</th>
    <th>Start date</th>
    <th>End date</th>
<% if false %>
    <th>Entry date</th>
    <th>Edited date</th>
    <th>Summary</th>
    <th>Lessons learned</tStackh>
    <th>Customer benifits</th>
    <th>Keywords</th>
    <!th></th>
    <!th></th>
    <!th></th>
<% end %>
  </tr>

<% @project_search.each do |t| %>
  <tr>
    <td><%= t.project_name %></td>
    <td><%= t.client %></td>
    <td><%= t.exception_pm %></td>
    <td><%= t.project_owner %></td>
    <td><%= t.tech %></td>
    <td><%= t.role %></td>
    <td><%= t.industry %></td>
    <td><%= t.financials %></td>
    <td><%= t.business_div %></td>
    <td><%= t.status %></td>
    <td><%= t.start_date %></td>
    <td><%= t.end_date %></td>
<% if false %>
    <td><%= t.entry_date %></td>
    <td><%= t.edited_date %></td>
    <td><%= t.summary %></td>
    <td><%= t.lessons_learned %></td>
    <td><%= t.customer_benifits %></td>
    <td><%= t.keywords %></td>
<% end %>
    <!td><%#= link_to 'Show', project %></td>
    <!td><%#= link_to 'Edit', edit_project_path(project) %></td>
    <!td><%#= link_to 'Destroy', project, method: :delete, data: { confirm: 'Are you sure?' } %></td>
  </tr>
<% end %>
</table>

<br />
<%= will_paginate (@project_search) %>


<%= button_to "Search Again?", search_path, :method => "get" %>

<%# end %>
<%= button_to "Home", projects_path, :method => "get" %>

Project.rb

class Project < ActiveRecord::Base
  attr_accessible :business_div, :client, :customer_benifits, :edited_date, :end_date, :entry_date, :exception_pm, :financials, :industry, :keywords, :lessons_learned, :project_name, :project_owner, :role, :start_date, :status, :summary, :tech

validates_presence_of :business_div, :client, :customer_benifits, :end_date, :exception_pm, :financials, :industry, :keywords, :lessons_learned, :project_name, :project_owner, :role, :start_date, :status, :summary, :tech



def self.search search_term
 return scoped unless search_term.present?
 where find(:all, :conditions => ['project_name OR client LIKE ?', "%#{search_term}%"])
end

end

路线:

FinalApp::Application.routes.draw do
resources :projects
match "search" => "projects#search", :as => :search
root :to => 'projects#index'
end

正如你所看到的,我仍然有一点点完成应用程序.我正在尝试创建一个搜索表单,可以搜索以下字段:项目名称,客户端,ID,行业,角色,技术,项目所有者,状态,开始日期,结束日期和关键字.搜索表单将具有文本框或下拉菜单,具体取决于用户搜索的字段.我想链接每个字段并一次性搜索它们.以前,我只使用project_name和客户端作为示例,以便您更容易理解我的代码.希望你现在可以看到我想要做的事情.

最佳答案
您可以创建一个名为search的新控制器.

你的搜索表单:

<%= form_tag search_index_path, method: :get do %>
  <%= text_field_tag :project, params[:project] %>
  <%= text_field_tag :client, params[:client] %>
  <%= submit_tag "Search", name: nil %>
<% end %>

在你的routes.rb中包含:

get "search/index"

你的搜索控制器:

def index
  #store all the projects that match the name searched
  @projects = Project.where("name LIKE ? ", "%#{params[:project]}%")  
  #store all the clients that match the name searched    
  @clients = Client.where("name LIKE ? ", "%#{params[:client]}%")
end

现在,您可以在索引视图中使用@projects和@clients.

请注意,因为如果搜索不匹配,这些变量可能会变为零.

编辑 – 我假设您有两个模型项目和客户端 – 如果您无法创建新的控制器,您可以在当前控制器中创建搜索操作.

def search
  #store all the projects that match the name searched
  @projects = Project.where("name LIKE ? ", "%#{params[:project]}%")  
  #store all the clients that match the name searched    
  @clients = Client.where("name LIKE ? ", "%#{params[:client]}%")
end

而且您可以在搜索视图中使用@projects和@clients.

如果您尝试在其他位置显示结果(例如索引视图),则只需将上述内容移动到正确的操作即可.

 def index
  ....
  #store all the projects that match the name searched
  @projects = Project.where("name LIKE ? ", "%#{params[:project]}%")  
  #store all the clients that match the name searched    
  @clients = Client.where("name LIKE ? ", "%#{params[:client]}%")
end

编辑2 – 好的,您正在尝试通过相同模型中的字段组合进行搜索:

您并更改搜索方法以添加以下两个字段:

def self.search(search_project, search_client) 
  return scoped unless search_project.present? || search_client.present?
  where(['project_name LIKE ? AND client LIKE ?', "%#{search_project}%", "%#{search_client}%"])
end

但请注意||如果您的search_project或search_client不存在,则返回范围,如果您愿意,可以更改AND(&&).

此外,只有两者匹配时才会返回AND,我的意思是搜索的组合…如果需要,您也可以将其更改为OR.

有搜索表单:

你的搜索表单:

<%= form_tag search_index_path, method: :get do %>
  <%= text_field_tag :project, params[:project] %>
  <%= text_field_tag :client, params[:client] %>
  <%= submit_tag "Search", name: nil %>
<% end %>

然后您的控制器必须将组合发送到模型:

@project_search = Project.search(params[:project], params[:client]).all

我认为它会解决问题……

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