python – Pandas DataFrame – 所需索引具有重复值

这是我第一次尝试熊猫.我想我有一个合理的用例,但我磕磕绊绊.我想将制表符分隔文件加载到Pandas Dataframe中,然后按符号对其进行分组,并使用TimeStamp列索引的x.axis绘制它.以下是数据的子集:

Symbol,Price,M1,M2,Volume,TimeStamp
TBET,2.19,3,8.05,1124179,9:59:14 AM
FUEL,3.949,9,1.15,109674,9:59:11 AM
SUNH,4.37,6,0.09,24394,9:59:09 AM
FUEL,3.9099,8,1.11,105265,9:59:09 AM
TBET,2.18,2,8.03,1121629,9:59:05 AM
ORBC,3.4,2,0.22,10509,9:59:02 AM
FUEL,3.8599,7,1.07,102116,9:58:47 AM
FUEL,3.8544,6,1.05,100116,9:58:40 AM
GBR,3.83,4,0.46,64251,9:58:24 AM
GBR,3.8,3,0.45,63211,9:58:20 AM
XRA,3.6167,3,0.12,42310,9:58:08 AM
GBR,3.75,2,0.34,47521,9:57:52 AM
MPET,1.42,3,0.26,44600,9:57:52 AM

注意有关TimeStamp列的两件事;

>它有重复的值和
>间隔不规则.

我以为我可以这样做……

from pandas import *
import pylab as plt

df = read_csv('data.txt',index_col=5)
df.sort(ascending=False)

df.plot()
plt.show()

但是read_csv方法引发了一个异常“Tried columns 1-X as index但是发现了重复”.是否有一个选项允许我指定具有重复值的索引列?

我也有兴趣将我的不规则时间戳间隔与一秒钟的分辨率对齐,我仍然希望在给定的秒内绘制多个事件,但也许我可以引入一个唯一的索引,然后将我的价格与它对齐?

最佳答案
我刚刚创建了几个问题来解决一些我觉得很不错的功能/便利:GH-856,GH-857,GH-858

我们目前正在对时间序列功能进行改进,并且现在可以进行第二次分辨率的校准(尽管不是重复,所以需要为此编写一些函数).我还想以更好的方式支持重复的时间戳.但是,这实际上是面板(3D)数据,因此您可以改变的一种方法如下:

In [29]: df.pivot('Symbol', 'TimeStamp').stack()
Out[29]: 
                   M1    M2   Price   Volume
Symbol TimeStamp                            
FUEL   9:58:40 AM   6  1.05  3.8544   100116
       9:58:47 AM   7  1.07  3.8599   102116
       9:59:09 AM   8  1.11  3.9099   105265
       9:59:11 AM   9  1.15  3.9490   109674
GBR    9:57:52 AM   2  0.34  3.7500    47521
       9:58:20 AM   3  0.45  3.8000    63211
       9:58:24 AM   4  0.46  3.8300    64251
MPET   9:57:52 AM   3  0.26  1.4200    44600
ORBC   9:59:02 AM   2  0.22  3.4000    10509
SUNH   9:59:09 AM   6  0.09  4.3700    24394
TBET   9:59:05 AM   2  8.03  2.1800  1121629
       9:59:14 AM   3  8.05  2.1900  1124179
XRA    9:58:08 AM   3  0.12  3.6167    42310

请注意,这创建了一个MultiIndex.另一种方法我可以得到这个:

In [32]: df.set_index(['Symbol', 'TimeStamp'])
Out[32]: 
                    Price  M1    M2   Volume
Symbol TimeStamp                            
TBET   9:59:14 AM  2.1900   3  8.05  1124179
FUEL   9:59:11 AM  3.9490   9  1.15   109674
SUNH   9:59:09 AM  4.3700   6  0.09    24394
FUEL   9:59:09 AM  3.9099   8  1.11   105265
TBET   9:59:05 AM  2.1800   2  8.03  1121629
ORBC   9:59:02 AM  3.4000   2  0.22    10509
FUEL   9:58:47 AM  3.8599   7  1.07   102116
       9:58:40 AM  3.8544   6  1.05   100116
GBR    9:58:24 AM  3.8300   4  0.46    64251
       9:58:20 AM  3.8000   3  0.45    63211
XRA    9:58:08 AM  3.6167   3  0.12    42310
GBR    9:57:52 AM  3.7500   2  0.34    47521
MPET   9:57:52 AM  1.4200   3  0.26    44600

In [33]: df.set_index(['Symbol', 'TimeStamp']).sortlevel(0)
Out[33]: 
                    Price  M1    M2   Volume
Symbol TimeStamp                            
FUEL   9:58:40 AM  3.8544   6  1.05   100116
       9:58:47 AM  3.8599   7  1.07   102116
       9:59:09 AM  3.9099   8  1.11   105265
       9:59:11 AM  3.9490   9  1.15   109674
GBR    9:57:52 AM  3.7500   2  0.34    47521
       9:58:20 AM  3.8000   3  0.45    63211
       9:58:24 AM  3.8300   4  0.46    64251
MPET   9:57:52 AM  1.4200   3  0.26    44600
ORBC   9:59:02 AM  3.4000   2  0.22    10509
SUNH   9:59:09 AM  4.3700   6  0.09    24394
TBET   9:59:05 AM  2.1800   2  8.03  1121629
       9:59:14 AM  2.1900   3  8.05  1124179
XRA    9:58:08 AM  3.6167   3  0.12    42310

您可以使用真正的面板格式获取此数据,如下所示:

In [35]: df.set_index(['TimeStamp', 'Symbol']).sortlevel(0).to_panel()
Out[35]: 
<class 'pandas.core.panel.Panel'>
Dimensions: 4 (items) x 11 (major) x 7 (minor)
Items: Price to Volume
Major axis: 9:57:52 AM to 9:59:14 AM
Minor axis: FUEL to XRA

In [36]: panel = df.set_index(['TimeStamp', 'Symbol']).sortlevel(0).to_panel()

In [37]: panel['Price']
Out[37]: 
Symbol        FUEL   GBR  MPET  ORBC  SUNH  TBET     XRA
TimeStamp                                               
9:57:52 AM     NaN  3.75  1.42   NaN   NaN   NaN     NaN
9:58:08 AM     NaN   NaN   NaN   NaN   NaN   NaN  3.6167
9:58:20 AM     NaN  3.80   NaN   NaN   NaN   NaN     NaN
9:58:24 AM     NaN  3.83   NaN   NaN   NaN   NaN     NaN
9:58:40 AM  3.8544   NaN   NaN   NaN   NaN   NaN     NaN
9:58:47 AM  3.8599   NaN   NaN   NaN   NaN   NaN     NaN
9:59:02 AM     NaN   NaN   NaN   3.4   NaN   NaN     NaN
9:59:05 AM     NaN   NaN   NaN   NaN   NaN  2.18     NaN
9:59:09 AM  3.9099   NaN   NaN   NaN  4.37   NaN     NaN
9:59:11 AM  3.9490   NaN   NaN   NaN   NaN   NaN     NaN
9:59:14 AM     NaN   NaN   NaN   NaN   NaN  2.19     NaN

然后,您可以从该数据生成一些图表.

请注意,时间戳仍然是字符串 – 我猜它们可以转换为Python datetime.time对象,事情可能更容易使用.我没有很多计划为原始时间和时间戳(日期时间)提供大量支持,但如果有足够的人需要它,我想我可以说服:)

如果对于单个符号在一秒钟内有多个观察值,则上述某些方法将不起作用.但我希望在即将发布的大熊猫版本中为此提供更好的支持,因此了解您的用例对我有帮助 – 考虑加入邮件列表(pystatsmodels)

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