c – 为什么这个Boost ASIO代码不能与这个python客户端一起使用?

此代码与原始udp异步回显服务器相同,但具有不同的套接字.

响应将在wireshark中传输并显示,但随后会将ICMP Port Unreachable错误发送回服务器.我试图理解为什么因为一切看起来都正确.

您可以将此代码直接复制到源文件中,例如server.cpp.然后用.编译

gcc server.cpp -lboost_system

使用如下命令运行它:./a.out 35200

#include <cstdlib>
#include <iostream>
#include <boost/bind.hpp>
#include <boost/asio.hpp>

using boost::asio::ip::udp;
class server
{
public:
  server(boost::asio::io_service& io_service, short port)
    : io_service_(io_service),
      socket_(io_service, udp::endpoint(udp::v4(), port)),
      socket2_(io_service, udp::endpoint(udp::v4(),0))
  {
    socket_.async_receive_from(
        boost::asio::buffer(data_, max_length), sender_endpoint_,
        boost::bind(&server::handle_receive_from, this,
          boost::asio::placeholders::error,
          boost::asio::placeholders::bytes_transferred));
  }

  void handle_receive_from(const boost::system::error_code& error,
      size_t bytes_recvd)
  {
    if (!error && bytes_recvd > 0)
    {
        // use a different socket... random source port.
        socket2_.async_send_to(
            boost::asio::buffer(data_, bytes_recvd), sender_endpoint_,
            boost::bind(&server::handle_send_to, this,
                        boost::asio::placeholders::error,
                        boost::asio::placeholders::bytes_transferred));
    }
    else
    {
      socket_.async_receive_from(
          boost::asio::buffer(data_, max_length), sender_endpoint_,
          boost::bind(&server::handle_receive_from, this,
            boost::asio::placeholders::error,
            boost::asio::placeholders::bytes_transferred));
    }
  }

  void handle_send_to(const boost::system::error_code& /*error*/,
      size_t /*bytes_sent*/)
  {
    // error_code shows success when checked here.  But wireshark shows
    // an ICMP response with destination unreachable, port unreachable when run on
    // localhost.  Haven't tried it across a network.

    socket_.async_receive_from(
        boost::asio::buffer(data_, max_length), sender_endpoint_,
        boost::bind(&server::handle_receive_from, this,
          boost::asio::placeholders::error,
          boost::asio::placeholders::bytes_transferred));
  }

private:
  boost::asio::io_service& io_service_;
  udp::socket socket_;
  udp::socket socket2_;
  udp::endpoint sender_endpoint_;
  enum { max_length = 1024 };
  char data_[max_length];
};

int main(int argc, char* argv[])
{
  try
  {
    if (argc != 2)
    {
      std::cerr << "Usage: async_udp_echo_server <port>\n";
      return 1;
    }

    boost::asio::io_service io_service;

    using namespace std; // For atoi.
    server s(io_service, atoi(argv[1]));

    io_service.run();
  }
  catch (std::exception& e)
  {
    std::cerr << "Exception: " << e.what() << "\n";
  }

  return 0;
}

我需要这个的原因是因为我有多个线程从一个由UDP服务器提供的输入队列接收数据.现在我希望这些线程能够直接发送响应,但我无法使其正常工作.

如果我在async_send_to调用中使用原始套接字(即socket_),那么它可以工作.

好的……这里的测试客户端不能使用上面的代码(但是使用asio示例中的原始版本).

#!/usr/bin/python

import socket, sys, time, struct

textport = "35200"
host = "localhost"

if len(sys.argv) > 1:
    host = sys.argv[1]

print "Sending Data"

s = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_DGRAM)
port = int(textport)
s.connect((host, port))

s.sendall("Hello World")
#s.shutdown(1)

print "Looking for replies; press Ctrl-C or Ctrl-Break to stop."
while 1:
    buf = s.recv(1200)
    if not len(buf):
        break
    print "Received: %s" % buf

这令我感到困惑.但至少我可以使用C UDP客户端,它的工作原理.

最佳答案
您不应该挂起异步发送然后关闭套接字.套接字的析构函数在块的末尾运行,关闭套接字,这可以防止发送.

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