c – 从信号处理程序返回

我没有以正确的方式离开我的信号处理函数吗?它似乎没有正常返回程序.相反,它进入循环,它应该等待用户输入,它跳过并读取“用户输入”的长度为-1并出错. (在代码中更有意义.)

void handle_SIGINT() {

    int k = recent;
    int count = 0;
    int stop;

    if (stringSize >= 10) {
        stop = 10;
    }
    else {
        stop = p;
    }

    printf("\nCommand History:\n");

    for (count = 0; count < stop; count++) {

        if (k < 0) {
            k += 10;
        }
        printf("%s", string[abs(k)]);
        k -= 1;

    }

}



void setup(char inputBuffer[], char *args[],int *background)
{
    //char inputBuffer[MAX_LINE];
    int length, /* # of characters in the command line */
    i,      /* loop index for accessing inputBuffer array */
    start,  /* index where beginning of next command parameter is */
    ct;     /* index of where to place the next parameter into args[] */
    int add = 1;
    ct = 0;

    /* read what the user enters on the command line */
    length = read(STDIN_FILENO, inputBuffer, MAX_LINE);  


        printf("%i",length);
    start = -1;
    if (length == 0)
        exit(0);            /* ^d was entered, end of user command stream */
    if (length < 0){
        perror("error reading the commanddddddddd");
        exit(-1);           /* terminate with error code of -1 */
    }
}



int main(void)
{
    char inputBuffer[MAX_LINE]; /* buffer to hold the command entered */
    int background;             /* equals 1 if a command is followed by '&' */
    char *args[MAX_LINE/2+1];/* command line (of 80) has max of 40 arguments */
    FILE *inFile = fopen("pateljay.history", "r");



    if (inFile != NULL) {
        int count = 0;
        char line[MAX_LINE];
        while (fgets(line,sizeof line, inFile) != NULL) {
            string[count] = strdup(line);
            //string[count][strlen(line)] = '\n';
            //string[count][strlen(line) + 1] = '\0';
            printf("%s", string[count]);
            count++;
            stringSize++;
        }


            p = count % 10;
            recent = abs(p - 1);

    }   

    fclose(inFile); 

    /* set up the signal handler */
    struct sigaction handler;
    handler.sa_handler = handle_SIGINT;
    sigaction(SIGINT, &handler, NULL);

    while (1) {/* Program terminates normally inside setup */


        background = 0;
        printf("COMMAND->");

        fflush(0);

        setup(inputBuffer, args, &background);/* get next command */
    }
}

因此,当输入ctrl c时,它应该捕获信号并处理它.一旦它返回到main,它进入设置并完全跳过读取函数并使长度等于-1.这反过来又误解了程序.我认为handle_SIGINT中的代码与现在无关.有谁知道为什么它会跳过设置中的读取功能?

最佳答案
读取阻塞,等待输入. SIGINT到了.内核调用你的信号处理程序.当您的信号处理程序返回时,内核使读取返回-1并将errno设置为EINTR.您需要检查此案例并通过再次调用read来处理它:

   do {
        length = read(STDIN_FILENO, inputBuffer, MAX_LINE);
   } while (length == -1 && errno == EINTR);

转载注明原文:c – 从信号处理程序返回 - 代码日志