python – 对数据帧的所有列进行排序

我有一个2000行和500列的数据帧.我想按升序对每列进行排序.这些列没有名称,它们只是编号为0-500.

随机数据:
df = pandas.DataFrame(np.random.randint(0,100,size =(2000,500)),columns = range(500))

运用
df.sort_values(by = 0,axis = 0)按预期排序第0列.但是然后使用df.sort_values(by = 1,axis = 0)对第1列进行排序,但再次对第0列进行排序.换句话说,我想要

index  0  1  2
1      5  5  5
2      6  7  5
3      7  9  8

但我一次只能排序一列.我尝试过df.sort_values(by = df.columns [0:524],axis = 0)但是会引发一个键错误.

最佳答案
我认为您可以使用numpy.sort与DataFrame构造函数或使用sort_valuesvalues转换为numpy数组:

df = pd.DataFrame(np.sort(df.values, axis=0), index=df.index, columns=df.columns)

另一种方案:

df = df.apply(lambda x: x.sort_values().values)

print (df)
      0    1    2    3    4    5    6    7    8    9   ...   490  491  492  \
0       0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0 ...     0    0    0   
1       0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0 ...     0    0    0   
2       0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0 ...     0    0    0   
3       0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0 ...     0    0    0   
4       0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0 ...     0    0    0   
5       0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0 ...     0    0    0   
6       0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0 ...     0    0    0   
7       0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0 ...     0    0    0   
8       0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0 ...     0    0    0   
9       0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0 ...     0    0    0   
10      0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0 ...     0    0    0   
11      0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0 ...     0    0    0   
12      0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0 ...     0    0    0   
13      0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0 ...     0    0    0   
14      0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0 ...     0    0    0   
15      0    0    0    0    0    1    0    0    0    0 ...     0    0    0   
16      0    0    0    0    0    1    1    0    0    0 ...     0    0    0   
17      0    0    0    0    0    1    1    0    0    0 ...     0    0    0   
18      0    0    0    0    0    1    1    0    0    0 ...     0    0    0   
19      0    0    0    0    0    1    1    1    1    0 ...     0    0    0   
20      0    0    1    0    0    1    1    1    1    0 ...     0    0    0   
21      0    0    1    0    0    1    1    1    1    1 ...     0    1    0   
22      0    1    1    0    0    1    1    1    1    1 ...     0    1    0   
23      1    1    1    0    0    1    1    1    1    1 ...     0    1    0   
24      1    1    1    0    0    1    1    1    1    1 ...     0    1    0   
25      1    1    1    1    0    1    1    1    1    1 ...     0    1    0   
26      1    1    1    1    0    1    1    1    1    1 ...     1    1    1   
27      1    1    1    1    0    1    1    1    1    1 ...     1    1    1   
28      1    1    1    1    0    1    1    1    1    1 ...     1    1    1   
29      1    1    1    1    0    1    1    1    1    1 ...     1    1    1   
...   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ... ...   ...  ...  ...   
1970   97   98   98   98   98   98   99   98   98   98 ...    98   98   98   
1971   97   98   98   98   98   98   99   98   98   98 ...    98   98   98   
1972   98   98   98   98   98   98   99   98   98   98 ...    98   98   98   
1973   98   98   98   99   98   98   99   98   98   98 ...    98   98   98   
1974   98   98   98   99   98   98   99   98   98   98 ...    98   98   98   
1975   98   98   98   99   98   98   99   98   98   98 ...    98   98   98   
1976   98   98   98   99   98   98   99   98   99   99 ...    98   98   98   
1977   98   98   98   99   98   98   99   98   99   99 ...    98   98   99   
1978   98   98   98   99   98   98   99   98   99   99 ...    98   98   99   
1979   98   98   98   99   99   99   99   98   99   99 ...    98   98   99   
1980   98   98   98   99   99   99   99   98   99   99 ...    98   98   99   
1981   99   99   98   99   99   99   99   98   99   99 ...    99   98   99   
1982   99   99   98   99   99   99   99   98   99   99 ...    99   98   99   
1983   99   99   98   99   99   99   99   98   99   99 ...    99   98   99   
1984   99   99   98   99   99   99   99   99   99   99 ...    99   99   99   
1985   99   99   98   99   99   99   99   99   99   99 ...    99   99   99   
1986   99   99   98   99   99   99   99   99   99   99 ...    99   99   99   
1987   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99 ...    99   99   99   
1988   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99 ...    99   99   99   
1989   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99 ...    99   99   99   
1990   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99 ...    99   99   99   
1991   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99 ...    99   99   99   
1992   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99 ...    99   99   99   
1993   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99 ...    99   99   99   
1994   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99 ...    99   99   99   
1995   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99 ...    99   99   99   
1996   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99 ...    99   99   99   
1997   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99 ...    99   99   99   
1998   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99 ...    99   99   99   
1999   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99   99 ...    99   99   99   

      493  494  495  496  497  498  499  
0       0    0    0    0    0    0    0  
1       0    0    0    0    0    0    0  
2       0    0    0    0    0    0    0  
3       0    0    0    0    0    0    0  
4       0    0    0    0    0    0    0  
5       0    0    0    0    0    0    0  
6       0    0    0    0    0    0    0  
7       0    0    0    0    0    0    0  
8       0    0    0    0    0    0    0  
9       0    0    0    0    0    0    0  
10      0    0    0    0    0    0    0  
11      0    0    0    0    0    0    0  
12      0    0    0    0    0    0    0  
13      0    0    0    0    0    0    0  
14      0    0    0    0    0    0    0  
15      0    0    0    0    1    0    0  
16      0    1    0    0    1    0    0  
17      0    1    0    0    1    0    0  
18      1    1    0    0    1    0    0  
19      1    1    1    0    1    0    0  
20      1    1    1    0    1    0    1  
21      1    1    1    0    1    0    1  
22      1    1    1    0    1    0    1  
23      1    1    1    0    1    0    1  
24      1    1    1    0    1    0    1  
25      1    1    1    0    1    0    1  
26      1    1    1    0    1    0    1  
27      1    1    1    1    1    0    1  
28      1    1    1    1    1    0    1  
29      1    1    1    1    1    0    1  
...   ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  
1970   98   98   98   98   98   98   98  
1971   98   98   98   98   98   98   98  
1972   98   98   98   98   98   98   98  
1973   98   98   98   98   98   98   98  
1974   98   98   98   99   98   98   98  
1975   98   98   98   99   98   98   98  
1976   99   98   98   99   98   98   98  
1977   99   98   98   99   98   98   98  
1978   99   98   98   99   99   98   98  
1979   99   99   98   99   99   98   98  
1980   99   99   98   99   99   99   99  
1981   99   99   98   99   99   99   99  
1982   99   99   98   99   99   99   99  
1983   99   99   99   99   99   99   99  
1984   99   99   99   99   99   99   99  
1985   99   99   99   99   99   99   99  
1986   99   99   99   99   99   99   99  
1987   99   99   99   99   99   99   99  
1988   99   99   99   99   99   99   99  
1989   99   99   99   99   99   99   99  
1990   99   99   99   99   99   99   99  
1991   99   99   99   99   99   99   99  
1992   99   99   99   99   99   99   99  
1993   99   99   99   99   99   99   99  
1994   99   99   99   99   99   99   99  
1995   99   99   99   99   99   99   99  
1996   99   99   99   99   99   99   99  
1997   99   99   99   99   99   99   99  
1998   99   99   99   99   99   99   99  
1999   99   99   99   99   99   99   99  

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