如何使用Gmail API和Java发送电子邮件

我在Openshift上部署了一个Web服务.目前我正在开发的是使用我的Gmail帐户在某个时间点发送自动电子邮件.

所以我一直在记录自己两三天,我得出结论我有两个选择:

1)使用JavaMail库.
2)使用Gmail API.

对于第一个选项我使用的是以下类:

public class EmailSenderService {  
private final Properties properties = new Properties();  

private String password = "*******";  

private Session session;  

private void init() {  

    //ssl
    properties.put("mail.smtp.host", "smtp.gmail.com");
    properties.put("mail.smtp.socketFactory.port", "465");
    properties.put("mail.smtp.socketFactory.class",
            "javax.net.ssl.SSLSocketFactory");
    properties.put("mail.smtp.auth", "true");
    properties.put("mail.smtp.port", "465");

    session = Session.getDefaultInstance(properties,
        new javax.mail.Authenticator() {
            protected PasswordAuthentication getPasswordAuthentication() {
                return new PasswordAuthentication("eu***@gmail.com",password);
            }
        });
}  

public void sendEmail(){  

    init();  

    //ssl
    try {
        Message message = new MimeMessage(session);
        message.setFrom(new InternetAddress("eu***@gmail.com"));
        message.setRecipients(Message.RecipientType.TO,
                InternetAddress.parse("c***6@gmail.com"));
        message.setSubject("Testing Subject");
        message.setText("Dear Mail Crawler," +
                "\n\n No spam to my email, please!");
        Transport t = session.getTransport("smtp");
        t.connect("smtp.gmail.com", "eu***@gmail.com", password);
        t.sendMessage(message, message.getAllRecipients());

        System.out.println("Done");

    } catch (MessagingException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }   
}  
} 

并使用此调用它们:

EmailSenderService ess = new EmailSenderService();
        ess.sendEmail();

2)我使用的第二个选项如下:

public class EmailSenderGmailApi {

/*
 * Atributos
 */
// Check https://developers.google.com/gmail/api/auth/scopes for all available scopes
private static final String SCOPE = "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/gmail.compose";
private static final String APP_NAME = "eu***l";
// Email address of the user, or "me" can be used to represent the currently authorized user.
private static final String USER = "eu***@gmail.com";
// Path to the client_secret.json file downloaded from the Developer Console
private static final String CLIENT_SECRET_PATH = "../app-root/data/eu***.json";

private static GoogleClientSecrets clientSecrets;


/*
 * Metodos
 */

public static Gmail init() throws IOException{

    System.out.println("***Working Directory = " + System.getProperty("user.dir"));


    HttpTransport httpTransport = new NetHttpTransport();
    JsonFactory jsonFactory = new JacksonFactory();

    clientSecrets = GoogleClientSecrets.load(jsonFactory,  new FileReader(CLIENT_SECRET_PATH));

    // Allow user to authorize via url.
    GoogleAuthorizationCodeFlow flow = new GoogleAuthorizationCodeFlow.Builder(
        httpTransport, jsonFactory, clientSecrets, Arrays.asList(SCOPE))
        .setAccessType("online")
        .setApprovalPrompt("auto").build();

    String code = "***";

    // Generate Credential using retrieved code.
    GoogleTokenResponse response = flow.newTokenRequest(code)
        .setRedirectUri(GoogleOAuthConstants.OOB_REDIRECT_URI).execute();
    GoogleCredential credential = new GoogleCredential()
        .setFromTokenResponse(response);

    // Create a new authorized Gmail API client
    return new Gmail.Builder(httpTransport, jsonFactory, credential)
        .setApplicationName(APP_NAME).build();


}

/**
   * Create a MimeMessage using the parameters provided.
   *
   * @param to Email address of the receiver.
   * @param from Email address of the sender, the mailbox account.
   * @param subject Subject of the email.
   * @param bodyText Body text of the email.
   * @return MimeMessage to be used to send email.
   * @throws MessagingException
   */
  public static MimeMessage createEmail(String to, String from, String subject,
      String bodyText) throws MessagingException {

      System.out.println("***Empezando a enviar email...");

    Properties props = new Properties();
    Session session = Session.getDefaultInstance(props, null);

    MimeMessage email = new MimeMessage(session);
    InternetAddress tAddress = new InternetAddress(to);
    InternetAddress fAddress = new InternetAddress(from);

    email.setFrom(new InternetAddress(from));
    email.addRecipient(javax.mail.Message.RecipientType.TO,
                       new InternetAddress(to));
    email.setSubject(subject);
    email.setText(bodyText);
    return email;
  }

  /**
   * Create a Message from an email
   *
   * @param email Email to be set to raw of message
   * @return Message containing base64 encoded email.
   * @throws IOException
   * @throws MessagingException
   */
  public static Message createMessageWithEmail(MimeMessage email)
      throws MessagingException, IOException {
    ByteArrayOutputStream bytes = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
    email.writeTo(bytes);
    String encodedEmail = Base64.encodeBase64URLSafeString(bytes.toByteArray());
    Message message = new Message();
    message.setRaw(encodedEmail);
    return message;
  }

  /**
   * Send an email from the user's mailbox to its recipient.
   *
   * @param service Authorized Gmail API instance.
   * @param userId User's email address. The special value "me"
   * can be used to indicate the authenticated user.
   * @param email Email to be sent.
   * @throws MessagingException
   * @throws IOException
   */
  public static void sendMessage(Gmail service, String userId, MimeMessage email)
      throws MessagingException, IOException {
    Message message = createMessageWithEmail(email);
    message = service.users().messages().send(userId, message).execute();

    System.out.println("Message id: " + message.getId());
    System.out.println(message.toPrettyString());
  }

}

第一个选项,当调用它时,Openshift COnsole中显示的消息如下:

javax.mail.AuthenticationFailedException
    at javax.mail.Service.connect(Service.java:306)
    at javax.mail.Service.connect(Service.java:156)
    at main.java.model.EmailSenderService.sendEmail(EmailSenderService.java:86)
    at main.java.model.AccessManager.renewPassStepOne(AccessManager.java:234)
    at main.java.webService.UsuarioService.renewPassStepOne(UsuarioService.java:192)
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:57)
    at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
    at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:606)
    at com.sun.jersey.spi.container.JavaMethodInvokerFactory$1.invoke(JavaMethodInvokerFactory.java:60)
    at com.sun.jersey.server.impl.model.method.dispatch.AbstractResourceMethodDispatchProvider$TypeOutInvoker._dispatch(AbstractResourceMethodDispatchProvider.java:185)
    at com.sun.jersey.server.impl.model.method.dispatch.ResourceJavaMethodDispatcher.dispatch(ResourceJavaMethodDispatcher.java:75)
    at com.sun.jersey.server.impl.uri.rules.HttpMethodRule.accept(HttpMethodRule.java:302)
    ...

我一直试图自己修复它,看看google,stackoverflow ……但是我介绍的每一个改变,都得到了同样的信息.

在选项2中,我不知道如何使用它.我正在尝试这样的事情:

MimeMessage msg = EmailSenderGmailApi.createEmail("ca***@gmail.com", "eu***@gmail.com", "test", "holaaaaa");

        EmailSenderGmailApi.sendMessage(
                EmailSenderGmailApi.init(), 
                "cap***@gmail.com", 
                msg);

无论如何,说实话我已经调查了很多Java Mail,我希望有人可以帮我解决任何错误.

关于Gmail Api,在官方文档中,我无法弄清楚如何发送电子邮件.互联网上没有那么多文件.

有人可以伸出援助之手吗?

最佳答案
Gmail API公共文档有发送电子邮件的指南,甚至还有java示例代码:

https://developers.google.com/gmail/api/guides/sending

你上面的代码似乎并不遥远.我首先要确保你通过做一些简单的事情来完成Oauth2的工作,例如labels.list(),如果可行的话,那就转到更复杂的事情,就像发送电子邮件一样. (你有正确的想法构建,变成一个字符串,base64url编码,然后发送它.)你试图用Gmail API发送它的确切问题是什么?有一些错误输出或丢失代码中的东西?

转载注明原文:如何使用Gmail API和Java发送电子邮件 - 代码日志