ruby – 由于rb-readline,使用Elastic Beanstalk将rails 5应用程序部署到AWS

我正在尝试使用弹性beanstalk将我的代码部署到AWS,但在部署时会一直遇到错误.

我添加了一个gem’rb-readline’,当我检查日志时,我发现这个gem在部署时出错了.我不记得添加gem’rb-readline’修复了什么错误,但我不知道删除gem会不会解决这个问题.这是gem的链接:https://github.com/ConnorAtherton/rb-readline

这是部署中的错误日志.

Application update failed at 2017-10-24T19:27:36Z with exit status 1 and error: Hook /opt/elasticbeanstalk/hooks/appdeploy/pre/11_asset_compilation.sh failed.

++ /opt/elasticbeanstalk/bin/get-config container -k script_dir
+ EB_SCRIPT_DIR=/opt/elasticbeanstalk/support/scripts
++ /opt/elasticbeanstalk/bin/get-config container -k app_staging_dir
+ EB_APP_STAGING_DIR=/var/app/ondeck
++ /opt/elasticbeanstalk/bin/get-config container -k app_user
+ EB_APP_USER=webapp
++ /opt/elasticbeanstalk/bin/get-config container -k support_dir
+ EB_SUPPORT_DIR=/opt/elasticbeanstalk/support
+ . /opt/elasticbeanstalk/support/envvars
++ export RACK_ENV=production
++ RACK_ENV=production
++ export RAILS_SKIP_ASSET_COMPILATION=false
++ RAILS_SKIP_ASSET_COMPILATION=false
++ export RAILS_SKIP_MIGRATIONS=false
++ RAILS_SKIP_MIGRATIONS=false
++ export BUNDLE_WITHOUT=test:development
++ BUNDLE_WITHOUT=test:development
++ export RDS_PORT=5432
++ RDS_PORT=5432
++ export RDS_HOSTNAME=aa16lalntiz6vr0.cghvpjf0tzo5.us-east-1.rds.amazonaws.com
++ RDS_HOSTNAME=aa16lalntiz6vr0.cghvpjf0tzo5.us-east-1.rds.amazonaws.com
++ export RDS_USERNAME=theasteve
++ RDS_USERNAME=theasteve
++ export RDS_DB_NAME=ebdb
++ RDS_DB_NAME=ebdb
++ export RDS_PASSWORD=Colombia1
++ RDS_PASSWORD=Colombia1
+ RAKE_TASK=assets:precompile
+ . /opt/elasticbeanstalk/support/scripts/use-app-ruby.sh
++ . /usr/local/share/chruby/chruby.sh
+++ CHRUBY_VERSION=0.3.9
+++ RUBIES=()
+++ for dir in '"$PREFIX/opt/rubies"' '"$HOME/.rubies"'
+++ [[ -d /opt/rubies ]]
++++ ls -A /opt/rubies
+++ [[ -n ruby-1.9.3-p551
ruby-2.0.0-p648
ruby-2.1.10
ruby-2.2.8
ruby-2.3.5
ruby-2.4.2
ruby-current ]]
+++ RUBIES+=("$dir"/*)
+++ for dir in '"$PREFIX/opt/rubies"' '"$HOME/.rubies"'
+++ [[ -d /.rubies ]]
+++ unset dir
+++ cat /etc/elasticbeanstalk/.ruby_version
++ chruby 2.3.5
++ case "$1" in
++ local dir match
++ for dir in '"${RUBIES[@]}"'
++ dir=/opt/rubies/ruby-1.9.3-p551
++ case "${dir##*/}" in
++ for dir in '"${RUBIES[@]}"'
++ dir=/opt/rubies/ruby-2.0.0-p648
++ case "${dir##*/}" in
++ for dir in '"${RUBIES[@]}"'
++ dir=/opt/rubies/ruby-2.1.10
++ case "${dir##*/}" in
++ for dir in '"${RUBIES[@]}"'
++ dir=/opt/rubies/ruby-2.2.8
++ case "${dir##*/}" in
++ for dir in '"${RUBIES[@]}"'
++ dir=/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5
++ case "${dir##*/}" in
++ match=/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5
++ for dir in '"${RUBIES[@]}"'
++ dir=/opt/rubies/ruby-2.4.2
++ case "${dir##*/}" in
++ for dir in '"${RUBIES[@]}"'
++ dir=/opt/rubies/ruby-current
++ case "${dir##*/}" in
++ [[ -z /opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5 ]]
++ shift
++ chruby_use /opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5 ''
++ [[ ! -x /opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/bin/ruby ]]
++ [[ -n '' ]]
++ export RUBY_ROOT=/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5
++ RUBY_ROOT=/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5
++ export RUBYOPT=
++ RUBYOPT=
++ export PATH=/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/bin:/opt/elasticbeanstalk/lib/ruby/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/sbin:/sbin:/bin
++ PATH=/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/bin:/opt/elasticbeanstalk/lib/ruby/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/sbin:/sbin:/bin
+++ /opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/bin/ruby -
++ eval 'export RUBY_ENGINE=ruby;
export RUBY_VERSION=2.3.5;
export GEM_ROOT="/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0";'
+++ export RUBY_ENGINE=ruby
+++ RUBY_ENGINE=ruby
+++ export RUBY_VERSION=2.3.5
+++ RUBY_VERSION=2.3.5
+++ export GEM_ROOT=/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0
+++ GEM_ROOT=/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0
++ (( 0 != 0 ))
+ cd /var/app/ondeck
+ su -s /bin/bash -c 'bundle exec /opt/elasticbeanstalk/support/scripts/check-for-rake-task.rb assets:precompile' webapp
`/home/webapp` is not a directory.
Bundler will use `/tmp/bundler/home/webapp' as your home directory temporarily.
+ '[' false == true ']'
+ su -s /bin/bash -c 'bundle exec rake assets:precompile' webapp
`/home/webapp` is not a directory.
Bundler will use `/tmp/bundler/home/webapp' as your home directory temporarily.
rake aborted!
Bundler::GemRequireError: There was an error while trying to load the gem 'rb-readline'.
Gem Load Error is: HOME environment variable (or HOMEDRIVE and HOMEPATH) must be set and point to a directory
Backtrace for gem load error is:
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/rb-readline-0.5.4/lib/rbreadline.rb:1097:in `<module:RbReadline>'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/rb-readline-0.5.4/lib/rbreadline.rb:17:in `<top (required)>'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/rb-readline-0.5.4/lib/readline.rb:10:in `require'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/rb-readline-0.5.4/lib/readline.rb:10:in `<module:Readline>'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/rb-readline-0.5.4/lib/readline.rb:8:in `<top (required)>'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/rb-readline-0.5.4/lib/rb-readline.rb:16:in `require'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/rb-readline-0.5.4/lib/rb-readline.rb:16:in `<top (required)>'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/bundler-1.15.0/lib/bundler/runtime.rb:82:in `require'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/bundler-1.15.0/lib/bundler/runtime.rb:82:in `block (2 levels) in require'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/bundler-1.15.0/lib/bundler/runtime.rb:77:in `each'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/bundler-1.15.0/lib/bundler/runtime.rb:77:in `block in require'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/bundler-1.15.0/lib/bundler/runtime.rb:66:in `each'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/bundler-1.15.0/lib/bundler/runtime.rb:66:in `require'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/bundler-1.15.0/lib/bundler.rb:108:in `require'
/var/app/ondeck/config/application.rb:17:in `<top (required)>'
/var/app/ondeck/Rakefile:4:in `require_relative'
/var/app/ondeck/Rakefile:4:in `<top (required)>'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/rake-12.0.0/lib/rake/rake_module.rb:28:in `load'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/rake-12.0.0/lib/rake/rake_module.rb:28:in `load_rakefile'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/rake-12.0.0/lib/rake/application.rb:687:in `raw_load_rakefile'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/rake-12.0.0/lib/rake/application.rb:96:in `block in load_rakefile'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/rake-12.0.0/lib/rake/application.rb:178:in `standard_exception_handling'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/rake-12.0.0/lib/rake/application.rb:95:in `load_rakefile'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/rake-12.0.0/lib/rake/application.rb:79:in `block in run'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/rake-12.0.0/lib/rake/application.rb:178:in `standard_exception_handling'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/rake-12.0.0/lib/rake/application.rb:77:in `run'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/rake-12.0.0/exe/rake:27:in `<top (required)>'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/bin/rake:23:in `load'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/bin/rake:23:in `<top (required)>'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/bundler-1.15.0/lib/bundler/cli/exec.rb:74:in `load'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/bundler-1.15.0/lib/bundler/cli/exec.rb:74:in `kernel_load'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/bundler-1.15.0/lib/bundler/cli/exec.rb:27:in `run'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/bundler-1.15.0/lib/bundler/cli.rb:360:in `exec'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/bundler-1.15.0/lib/bundler/vendor/thor/lib/thor/command.rb:27:in `run'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/bundler-1.15.0/lib/bundler/vendor/thor/lib/thor/invocation.rb:126:in `invoke_command'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/bundler-1.15.0/lib/bundler/vendor/thor/lib/thor.rb:369:in `dispatch'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/bundler-1.15.0/lib/bundler/cli.rb:20:in `dispatch'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/bundler-1.15.0/lib/bundler/vendor/thor/lib/thor/base.rb:444:in `start'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/bundler-1.15.0/lib/bundler/cli.rb:10:in `start'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/bundler-1.15.0/exe/bundle:35:in `block in <top (required)>'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/bundler-1.15.0/lib/bundler/friendly_errors.rb:121:in `with_friendly_errors'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/lib/ruby/gems/2.3.0/gems/bundler-1.15.0/exe/bundle:27:in `<top (required)>'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/bin/bundle:23:in `load'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/bin/bundle:23:in `<main>'
Bundler Error Backtrace:
/var/app/ondeck/config/application.rb:17:in `<top (required)>'
/var/app/ondeck/Rakefile:4:in `require_relative'
/var/app/ondeck/Rakefile:4:in `<top (required)>'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/bin/bundle:23:in `load'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/bin/bundle:23:in `<main>'
HOME environment variable (or HOMEDRIVE and HOMEPATH) must be set and point to a directory
/var/app/ondeck/config/application.rb:17:in `<top (required)>'
/var/app/ondeck/Rakefile:4:in `require_relative'
/var/app/ondeck/Rakefile:4:in `<top (required)>'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/bin/bundle:23:in `load'
/opt/rubies/ruby-2.3.5/bin/bundle:23:in `<main>'
(See full trace by running task with --trace).
Incorrect application version "app-cd09-171024_152653" (deployment 3). Expected version "app-cd09-171024_150253" (deployment 2).
100 % of CPU is in use.
最佳答案
我有一个类似的错误,但使用dot-env rails gem.看起来它可能是相同的根本原因.

这似乎是因为在部署期间AWS未设置$HOME,并且在未设置时对File.expand_path的调用将死亡.

可能的修复:

>删除rbreadline
>将HOME环境变量添加到EB配置或eb setenv(并重新部署)
>添加一个覆盖现有部署脚本的配置文件&在运行bundle install命令之前添加$HOME变量

我成功地尝试了第一个和最后一个选项,并使用Gem的分叉版本正确处理了错误的$HOME.

我怀疑第二个版本是更正确的方法,但说实话,目前还不清楚为什么亚马逊没有设置一个$HOME开始,它应该是什么.

该应用程序将存在于/ var / app / ondeck或/ var / app / current中,因此这两个文件夹中的任何一个或/ home / webapp(根据错误)都可能是一个很好的值.

这可能不是100%的根本原因,因为我在使用不同版本的Ruby本地复制它时有不同程度的运气.但是,expand_path文档确实说必须正确设置HOME,因此这可能是原因.

https://ruby-doc.org/core-2.4.2/File.html#method-c-expand_path

有关工作方案的更多细节:

我发现两个有效的解决方案(尝试其中一个)

有一次,我确实用dotenv提交了PR以解决这个问题. https://github.com/bkeepers/dotenv/pull/314.据我记忆,这解决了它,并没有打破其他任何东西.该问题被自动机器人标记为wontfix,但最近由新的维护者重新打开

在我明确表示我的PR不会被合并之后,我最终切换回ebextensions方法,但最后我还记得它是按预期运行的(我认为更好的方法)

我使用的另一个解决方案是创建一个新的配置文件,替换/opt/elasticbeanstalk/hooks/appdeploy/pre/10_bundle_install.sh文件.

>从现有应用程序服务器获取该文件的当前版本
>创建一个创建该文件的ebextension配置(它将覆盖原始文件),但在运行bundle install命令之前包含一行来设置$HOME变量.
>将$HOME值设置为默认用户的值

使用ebextensions创建此类文件的文档如下:

https://docs.aws.amazon.com/elasticbeanstalk/latest/dg/customize-containers-ec2.html#linux-files

转载注明原文:ruby – 由于rb-readline,使用Elastic Beanstalk将rails 5应用程序部署到AWS - 代码日志