使用Python中的Selenium登录gmail

我正在尝试使用Selenium登录gmail.在新的Gmail登录中,首先键入您的电子邮件ID,然后在您输入密码的位置输入下一页.电子邮件页面和密码页面的URL都不同.所以,当我在driver.get中传递密码URL时,它正在重新加载页面,如果刷新URL而不输入密码,它会重定向到电子邮件页面.因此,它缺少密码字段选择器. current_url仍然是以前的url,即电子邮件页面的url.这是我的代码.我正在使用chrome驱动程序和python 2.X.

import os
from selenium import webdriver
from selenium.webdriver.common.keys import Keys

chromedriver = "/Documents/chromedriver" # Path to chrome-driver
os.environ["webdriver.chrome.driver"] = chromedriver
driver = webdriver.Chrome(chromedriver)

# Email insert 

driver.get("https://accounts.google.com/signin/v2/identifier?service=mail&passive=true&rm=false&continue=https%3A%2F%2Fmail.google.com%2Fmail%2F&ss=1&scc=1&ltmpl=default&ltmplcache=2&emr=1&osid=1&flowName=GlifWebSignIn&flowEntry=ServiceLogin")  #URL of email page
username = driver.find_element_by_id("identifierId")
username.send_keys("myemail")
driver.find_element_by_id("identifierNext").click()


# Password Insert 

driver.get("https://accounts.google.com/signin/v2/identifier?service=mail&passive=true&rm=false&continue=https%3A%2F%2Fmail.google.com%2Fmail%2F&ss=1&scc=1&ltmpl=default&ltmplcache=2&emr=1&osid=1&flowName=GlifWebSignIn&flowEntry=ServiceLogin")  # URL of password page
password = driver.find_element_by_id("password")
password.send_keys("mypassword")
driver.find_element_by_id("passwordNext").click()

#driver.quit()
最佳答案
以下是您的问题的答案:

当我们使用Python 3.6.1使用Selenium 3.4.3,geckodriver v0.17.0和Mozilla Firefox 53.0时,我们可以使用定位器xpath或css_selector通过Gmail的登录模块v2登录我们各自的Gmail帐户.

使用XPATH:

以下是使用xpath登录Gmail的示例代码:

from selenium import webdriver
from selenium.webdriver.firefox.firefox_binary import FirefoxBinary
from selenium.webdriver.common.desired_capabilities import DesiredCapabilities
from selenium.webdriver.support import expected_conditions as EC
from selenium.webdriver.common.by import By
from selenium.webdriver.support.ui import WebDriverWait

binary = FirefoxBinary('C:\\Program Files\\Mozilla Firefox\\firefox.exe')
caps = DesiredCapabilities().FIREFOX
caps["marionette"] = True
driver = webdriver.Firefox(capabilities=caps, firefox_binary=binary, executable_path="C:\\Utility\\BrowserDrivers\\geckodriver.exe")

driver.get("https://accounts.google.com/signin")
email_phone = driver.find_element_by_xpath("//input[@id='identifierId']")
email_phone.send_keys("your_emailid_phone")
driver.find_element_by_id("identifierNext").click()
password = WebDriverWait(driver, 5).until(
    EC.element_to_be_clickable((By.XPATH, "//input[@name='password']"))
)
password.send_keys("your_password")
driver.find_element_by_id("passwordNext").click()

使用CSS_SELECTOR:

以下是使用css_selector登录Gmail的示例代码:

from selenium import webdriver
from selenium.webdriver.firefox.firefox_binary import FirefoxBinary
from selenium.webdriver.common.desired_capabilities import DesiredCapabilities
from selenium.webdriver.support import expected_conditions as EC
from selenium.webdriver.common.by import By
from selenium.webdriver.support.ui import WebDriverWait

binary = FirefoxBinary('C:\\Program Files\\Mozilla Firefox\\firefox.exe')
caps = DesiredCapabilities().FIREFOX
caps["marionette"] = True
driver = webdriver.Firefox(capabilities=caps, firefox_binary=binary, executable_path="C:\\Utility\\BrowserDrivers\\geckodriver.exe")

driver.get("https://accounts.google.com/signin")
email_phone = driver.find_element_by_css_selector("#identifierId")
email_phone.send_keys("your_emailid_phone")
driver.find_element_by_css_selector(".ZFr60d.CeoRYc").click()
password = WebDriverWait(driver, 5).until(
    EC.element_to_be_clickable((By.CSS_SELECTOR, "input[class='whsOnd zHQkBf'][type='password']"))
)
password.send_keys("your_password")
driver.find_element_by_css_selector(".ZFr60d.CeoRYc").click()

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