在Oracle中创建视图时更改列精度

 CREATE OR REPLACE VIEW USER_AUD_VIEW ("AUDIT_ID", "USER_ID", "TABLE_NAME_TXT",      "COLUMN_NAME_TXT", "OLD_VALUE_TXT", "NEW_VALUE_TXT", "AUDIT_LAST_UPDATED_DT", "AUDIT_UPDATED_USER_ID", "EVALUATOR_ID", "PRODUCT_ID")
 AS
   SELECT acm.audit_id,
GET_TOKEN(GET_TOKEN(acm.PRIMARY_KEY_VALUES,1,','),2,':') AS user_id,
acm.table_name_txt,
acm.column_name_txt,
CASE
  WHEN UPPER(acm.column_name_txt) = 'PASSWORD_TXT'
  THEN '******'
  ELSE acm.old_value_txt
END AS old_value_txt,
CASE
  WHEN UPPER(acm.column_name_txt) = 'PASSWORD_TXT'
  THEN '******'
  ELSE acm.new_value_txt
END AS new_value_txt,
acm.audit_last_updated_dt,
CASE
  WHEN UPPER(acm.audit_updated_user_id) = 'UNKNOWN'
  THEN acm.audit_updated_user_id
  ELSE (users.user_id
    || ' ('
    || DECODE(users.last_name_txt, NULL,' ' , users.last_name_txt)
    || ', '
    || DECODE(users.first_name_txt, NULL,'' , users.first_name_txt)
    || ')' )
END    
AS audit_uupdated_user_id,
acm.evaluator_id,
TO_NUMBER(GET_TOKEN(GET_TOKEN(acm.PRIMARY_KEY_VALUES,2,','),2,':')) AS product_id

   FROM audit_config_maintenance acm,
users
   WHERE acm.table_name_txt             in ('USERS','XREF_USER_PRODUCT')
   AND UPPER(acm.audit_updated_user_id) = UPPER(users.user_id)
   AND acm.primary_key_values is not null

在创建上面的视图时,get_token()函数使列类型为varchar2(4000).如何更改命令以使该字段成为varchar2(64)?

最佳答案
您可以使用CAST函数,即CAST(GET_TOKEN(GET_TOKEN(acm.PRIMARY_KEY_VALUES,1,’,’),2,’:’)AS VARCHAR2(64)

如果您创建一个功能

SQL> create or replace function my_function
  2    return varchar2
  3  is
  4  begin
  5    return 'foo';
  6  end;
  7  /

Function created.

然后,选择此函数的简单视图将具有VARCHAR2(4000)数据类型.

SQL> create or replace view v1 as select my_function col1 from dual;

View created.

SQL> desc v1;
 Name                                      Null?    Type
 ----------------------------------------- -------- ----------------------------
 COL1                                               VARCHAR2(4000)

但是,如果在CAST中包装调用,则长度会更改

SQL> ed
Wrote file afiedt.buf

  1  create or replace view v2
  2  as
  3  select cast( my_function as varchar2(10) ) col1
  4*   from dual
SQL> /

View created.

SQL> desc v2;
 Name                                      Null?    Type
 ----------------------------------------- -------- ----------------------------
 COL1                                               VARCHAR2(10)

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