在VB.NET中适当的异常处理

我一直在寻找我的问题的答案,我找不到太多,所以我在这里发帖,希望更有经验的开发人员可以启发我.在sub中构造异常处理的正确方法是什么?我应该包装我的Try,Catch,End Try我的整个代码块,还是可以在我的sub中包装Try,Catch,End Try一个块,然后尝试,Catch,End尝试另一块代码在同一个子?这是我要问的一个例子:

这更好吗?:(选项1)

Try
        'check if user has selected a file
        If ListBoxPrePublish.SelectedItems.Count = 0 Then
            MessageBox.Show("Please select a file to delete.")
            Exit Sub
        End If

        'check if user has selected a Memo to publish, if so, move file to Publish folder; if user hasn't selected a Memo, move to next If statement
        If ListBoxPrePublish.SelectedItem.Contains("-M.xls") Then
            Dim resultMemo = MessageBox.Show("Are you sure you want to delete this Memo?", "", MessageBoxButtons.YesNo)
            If resultMemo = DialogResult.Yes Then
                Dim filePath As String = "W:\TOM\ERIC\Award_Letters\Excel pre_publish\"
                Dim movePath As String = "W:\TOM\ERIC\Award_Letters\Publish\"
                Dim filenm As String = ListBoxPrePublish.SelectedItem
                Dim FileToMove = filePath & filenm
                Dim MoveToLocation = movePath & filenm
                'move the file
                System.IO.File.Move(FileToMove, MoveToLocation)
                ListBoxPublished.Items.Add(ListBoxPrePublish.SelectedItem)
                ListBoxPrePublish.Items.Remove(ListBoxPrePublish.SelectedItem)
                Exit Sub
            Else
                Exit Sub
            End If
        End If



        'ask user if they're sure they want to publish selected file and corresponding files...remember, only if the selected item is not a Memo
        Dim result = MessageBox.Show("This action will publish all corresponding files for the selected student except for Memos. Memos must be deleted individually. Do you want to continue?", "", MessageBoxButtons.YesNo)
        If result = DialogResult.No Then
            Exit Sub
        Else

            If result = DialogResult.Yes Then
                'find ID for student in unapprovd accounting file, move the record to the Deleted Today file, delete record from unapproved accounting file
                Dim UnapprovedAcctFile As String = "W:\TOM\ERIC\Award_Letters\Accounting Files\Unapproved\" & StatVar.xlApp.Sheets("New Calculator Input").Range("D30").Value & ".xlsx"
                Dim ApprovedAcctFile As String = "W:\TOM\ERIC\Award_Letters\Accounting Files\Approved\" & StatVar.xlApp.Sheets("New Calculator Input").Range("D30").Value & " Import" & ".xlsx"
                Dim searchString As String = StatVar.xlApp.Sheets("Cross Checking").Range("J6").Text 'this is the ID that will be searched for in the accounting file
                Dim rng

                'make sure accounting file for school exists
                If Not IO.File.Exists(UnapprovedAcctFile) Then
                    MessageBox.Show("Could not locate the accounting file for this school. Please contact an administrator for assistance.")
                    Exit Sub
                End If

                'open accounting file and check if it's read only, if so, another user is editing it so close it and tell the user to try again in a few seconds, if it's not read only, see next comment
                StatVar.xlWBUnapprovedAcctFile = StatVar.xlApp.Workbooks.Open(UnapprovedAcctFile)
                If StatVar.xlApp.ActiveWorkbook.ReadOnly = True Then 'check if file is read only, if so close it and exit sub
                    StatVar.xlApp.ActiveWorkbook.Close(False)
                    MessageBox.Show("The system is busy. Please try again in a few seconds.")
                    Exit Sub
                End If

                'search unapproved accounting file for ID (SSN-award year example: 555555555-13) - use searchString variable above
                rng = StatVar.xlApp.ActiveWorkbook.Sheets("Sheet1").Range("BD2:BD30002").Find(searchString, , Excel.XlFindLookIn.xlValues, Excel.XlLookAt.xlWhole, Excel.XlSearchOrder.xlByRows, Excel.XlSearchDirection.xlNext, False)
                'if searchString is found
                If rng IsNot Nothing Then
                    rng.EntireRow.Select() 'select the row searchString was found in
                    'check if approved accounting file for this school exists, if not, create it
                    If Not IO.File.Exists(ApprovedAcctFile) Then
                        StatVar.xlApp.Workbooks.Add()
                        StatVar.xlApp.ActiveWorkbook.SaveAs(ApprovedAcctFile)
                        StatVar.xlApp.ActiveWorkbook.Close(True)
                    End If
                    StatVar.xlWBApprovedAcctFile = StatVar.xlApp.Workbooks.Open(ApprovedAcctFile) 'open the Approved file
                    If StatVar.xlApp.ActiveWorkbook.ReadOnly = True Then 'check if the Approved file is read only, if so, close it and exit sub because it needs to be writable
                        StatVar.xlApp.ActiveWorkbook.Close(False) 'close the Approved file, don't save changes
                        StatVar.xlApp.ActiveWorkbook.Close(False) 'close unapproved accounting file, don't save changes
                        MessageBox.Show("The system is busy. Please try again in a few seconds.")
                        Exit Sub
                    End If
                    StatVar.xlApp.ActiveWorkbook.ActiveSheet.Columns("AV").NumberFormat = "@" 'format column AV of the Approved file as text so "13/14" remains formatted correctly
                    StatVar.xlApp.ActiveWorkbook.ActiveSheet.Rows("1:1").Insert(Excel.XlInsertShiftDirection.xlShiftDown) 'insert a row at the top of the Approved file
                    StatVar.xlApp.ActiveWorkbook.ActiveSheet.Rows("1:1").Value = rng.EntireRow.Value 'set the 1st row of the Approved file equal to the row selected earlier in the unapproved accounting file
                    StatVar.xlApp.ActiveWorkbook.ActiveSheet.UsedRange.RemoveDuplicates(Columns:=(56)) 'search column 56 in Approved file for duplicates and remove entire row if a duplicate ID is found
                    rng.EntireRow.Delete() 'delete row the searchString was found in from the unapproved accounting file
                    StatVar.xlApp.ActiveWorkbook.Close(True) 'close the Approved file, save changes
                    StatVar.xlApp.ActiveWorkbook.Close(True) 'close unapproved accounting file, save changes
                    'MessageBox.Show("Eureka!")
                Else
                    'if searchString is not found, close unapproved accounting file, inform user and exit sub
                    StatVar.xlApp.ActiveWorkbook.Close(False)
                    MessageBox.Show("Could not locate this record on the accounting file. Your files were not deleted.")
                    Exit Sub
                End If

                'move selected file and corresponding non-Memo files to Publish folder
                Dim filePath As String = "W:\TOM\ERIC\Award_Letters\Excel pre_publish\"
                Dim movePath As String = "W:\TOM\ERIC\Award_Letters\Publish\"
                Dim filenm As String

                'check if each item in listbox contains the string extracted from the selected item via Excel formula; listbox select event sends the filename to Excel and a formula extracts the string to find in each listbox item...look for this string
                For Each c In ListBoxPrePublish.Items
                    If c.ToString.Contains(StatVar.xlApp.Sheets("Cross Checking").Range("H6").Text) Then
                        'make sure the current listbox item in this loop is not a Memo, if it's not, move it
                        If Not c.ToString.Contains("-M.xls") Then
                            filenm = c
                            Dim FileToMove = filePath & filenm
                            Dim MoveToLocation = movePath & filenm
                            System.IO.File.Move(FileToMove, MoveToLocation)
                            ListBoxPublished.Items.Add(c) 'add files files that are being published to the published files listbox
                        End If
                    End If
                Next

                'refresh prepublish list, if user has a school selected, REMOVE all list items that don't contain the school code being generated via VLOOKUP in Excel using the school name from comboboxschool; look for this string in the loop surrounded with "-"
                Call ListFiles()
                If ComboBoxSchool.Text <> "" Then
                    For i As Integer = ListBoxPrePublish.Items.Count - 1 To 0 Step -1
                        'if current loop item does not contain the school code for the selected school, remove the item from the listbox
                        If Not ListBoxPrePublish.Items(i).Contains("-" & StatVar.xlApp.Sheets("Cross Checking").Range("E3").Text & "-") Then
                            ListBoxPrePublish.Items.RemoveAt(i)
                        End If
                    Next
                End If
                'refresh deleted files listbox
                Call ListDeletedTodayFiles()

            End If
        End If
    Catch exc As Exception
        MessageBox.Show("Unable to publish the selected file. Please verify this file or any of its corresponding files are not open by you or another user. If the problem persists, contact an administrator for assistance." & vbNewLine & vbNewLine & "Error: " & exc.Message)
    End Try

或者这样更好?:(选项2)

 Try
        'check if user has selected a file
        If ListBoxPrePublish.SelectedItems.Count = 0 Then
            MessageBox.Show("Please select a file to delete.")
            Exit Sub
        End If

        'check if user has selected a Memo to publish, if so, move file to Publish folder; if user hasn't selected a Memo, move to next If statement
        If ListBoxPrePublish.SelectedItem.Contains("-M.xls") Then
            Dim resultMemo = MessageBox.Show("Are you sure you want to delete this Memo?", "", MessageBoxButtons.YesNo)
            If resultMemo = DialogResult.Yes Then
                Dim filePath As String = "W:\TOM\ERIC\Award_Letters\Excel pre_publish\"
                Dim movePath As String = "W:\TOM\ERIC\Award_Letters\Publish\"
                Dim filenm As String = ListBoxPrePublish.SelectedItem
                Dim FileToMove = filePath & filenm
                Dim MoveToLocation = movePath & filenm
                'move the file
                System.IO.File.Move(FileToMove, MoveToLocation)
                ListBoxPublished.Items.Add(ListBoxPrePublish.SelectedItem)
                ListBoxPrePublish.Items.Remove(ListBoxPrePublish.SelectedItem)
                Exit Sub
            Else
                Exit Sub
            End If
        End If
    Catch exc As Exception
        MessageBox.Show("An error occured and the selected file was not published. Please contact an administrator if the problem continues." & vbNewLine & vbNewLine & "Error: " & exc.Message)
    End Try

    Try
        'ask user if they're sure they want to publish selected file and corresponding files...remember, only if the selected item is not a Memo
        Dim result = MessageBox.Show("This action will publish all corresponding files for the selected student except for Memos. Memos must be deleted individually. Do you want to continue?", "", MessageBoxButtons.YesNo)
        If result = DialogResult.No Then
            Exit Sub
        Else

            If result = DialogResult.Yes Then
                'find ID for student in unapprovd accounting file, move the record to the Deleted Today file, delete record from unapproved accounting file
                Dim UnapprovedAcctFile As String = "W:\TOM\ERIC\Award_Letters\Accounting Files\Unapproved\" & StatVar.xlApp.Sheets("New Calculator Input").Range("D30").Value & ".xlsx"
                Dim ApprovedAcctFile As String = "W:\TOM\ERIC\Award_Letters\Accounting Files\Approved\" & StatVar.xlApp.Sheets("New Calculator Input").Range("D30").Value & " Import" & ".xlsx"
                Dim searchString As String = StatVar.xlApp.Sheets("Cross Checking").Range("J6").Text 'this is the ID that will be searched for in the accounting file
                Dim rng

                'make sure accounting file for school exists
                If Not IO.File.Exists(UnapprovedAcctFile) Then
                    MessageBox.Show("Could not locate the accounting file for this school. Please contact an administrator for assistance.")
                    Exit Sub
                End If

                'open accounting file and check if it's read only, if so, another user is editing it so close it and tell the user to try again in a few seconds, if it's not read only, see next comment
                StatVar.xlWBUnapprovedAcctFile = StatVar.xlApp.Workbooks.Open(UnapprovedAcctFile)
                If StatVar.xlApp.ActiveWorkbook.ReadOnly = True Then 'check if file is read only, if so close it and exit sub
                    StatVar.xlApp.ActiveWorkbook.Close(False)
                    MessageBox.Show("The system is busy. Please try again in a few seconds.")
                    Exit Sub
                End If

                'search unapproved accounting file for ID (SSN-award year example: 555555555-13) - use searchString variable above
                rng = StatVar.xlApp.ActiveWorkbook.Sheets("Sheet1").Range("BD2:BD30002").Find(searchString, , Excel.XlFindLookIn.xlValues, Excel.XlLookAt.xlWhole, Excel.XlSearchOrder.xlByRows, Excel.XlSearchDirection.xlNext, False)
                'if searchString is found
                If rng IsNot Nothing Then
                    rng.EntireRow.Select() 'select the row searchString was found in
                    'check if approved accounting file for this school exists, if not, create it
                    If Not IO.File.Exists(ApprovedAcctFile) Then
                        StatVar.xlApp.Workbooks.Add()
                        StatVar.xlApp.ActiveWorkbook.SaveAs(ApprovedAcctFile)
                        StatVar.xlApp.ActiveWorkbook.Close(True)
                    End If
                    StatVar.xlWBApprovedAcctFile = StatVar.xlApp.Workbooks.Open(ApprovedAcctFile) 'open the Approved file
                    If StatVar.xlApp.ActiveWorkbook.ReadOnly = True Then 'check if the Approved file is read only, if so, close it and exit sub because it needs to be writable
                        StatVar.xlApp.ActiveWorkbook.Close(False) 'close the Approved file, don't save changes
                        StatVar.xlApp.ActiveWorkbook.Close(False) 'close unapproved accounting file, don't save changes
                        MessageBox.Show("The system is busy. Please try again in a few seconds.")
                        Exit Sub
                    End If
                    StatVar.xlApp.ActiveWorkbook.ActiveSheet.Columns("AV").NumberFormat = "@" 'format column AV of the Approved file as text so "13/14" remains formatted correctly
                    StatVar.xlApp.ActiveWorkbook.ActiveSheet.Rows("1:1").Insert(Excel.XlInsertShiftDirection.xlShiftDown) 'insert a row at the top of the Approved file
                    StatVar.xlApp.ActiveWorkbook.ActiveSheet.Rows("1:1").Value = rng.EntireRow.Value 'set the 1st row of the Approved file equal to the row selected earlier in the unapproved accounting file
                    StatVar.xlApp.ActiveWorkbook.ActiveSheet.UsedRange.RemoveDuplicates(Columns:=(56)) 'search column 56 in Approved file for duplicates and remove entire row if a duplicate ID is found
                    rng.EntireRow.Delete() 'delete row the searchString was found in from the unapproved accounting file
                    StatVar.xlApp.ActiveWorkbook.Close(True) 'close the Approved file, save changes
                    StatVar.xlApp.ActiveWorkbook.Close(True) 'close unapproved accounting file, save changes
                    'MessageBox.Show("Eureka!")
                Else
                    'if searchString is not found, close unapproved accounting file, inform user and exit sub
                    StatVar.xlApp.ActiveWorkbook.Close(False)
                    MessageBox.Show("Could not locate this record on the accounting file. Your files were not deleted.")
                    Exit Sub
                End If

                'move selected file and corresponding non-Memo files to Publish folder
                Dim filePath As String = "W:\TOM\ERIC\Award_Letters\Excel pre_publish\"
                Dim movePath As String = "W:\TOM\ERIC\Award_Letters\Publish\"
                Dim filenm As String

                'check if each item in listbox contains the string extracted from the selected item via Excel formula; listbox select event sends the filename to Excel and a formula extracts the string to find in each listbox item...look for this string
                For Each c In ListBoxPrePublish.Items
                    If c.ToString.Contains(StatVar.xlApp.Sheets("Cross Checking").Range("H6").Text) Then
                        'make sure the current listbox item in this loop is not a Memo, if it's not, move it
                        If Not c.ToString.Contains("-M.xls") Then
                            filenm = c
                            Dim FileToMove = filePath & filenm
                            Dim MoveToLocation = movePath & filenm
                            System.IO.File.Move(FileToMove, MoveToLocation)
                            ListBoxPublished.Items.Add(c) 'add files files that are being published to the published files listbox
                        End If
                    End If
                Next

                'refresh prepublish list, if user has a school selected, REMOVE all list items that don't contain the school code being generated via VLOOKUP in Excel using the school name from comboboxschool; look for this string in the loop surrounded with "-"
                Call ListFiles()
                If ComboBoxSchool.Text <> "" Then
                    For i As Integer = ListBoxPrePublish.Items.Count - 1 To 0 Step -1
                        'if current loop item does not contain the school code for the selected school, remove the item from the listbox
                        If Not ListBoxPrePublish.Items(i).Contains("-" & StatVar.xlApp.Sheets("Cross Checking").Range("E3").Text & "-") Then
                            ListBoxPrePublish.Items.RemoveAt(i)
                        End If
                    Next
                End If
                'refresh deleted files listbox
                Call ListDeletedTodayFiles()

            End If
        End If
    Catch exc As Exception
        MessageBox.Show("Unable to publish the selected file. Please verify this file or any of its corresponding files are not open by you or another user. If the problem persists, contact an administrator for assistance." & vbNewLine & vbNewLine & "Error: " & exc.Message)
    End Try

这些方法中的任何一种比其他方法更好吗?或者由我决定,并取决于我对我的程序做了什么?很想听到不同意见.

最佳答案
将Try-Catch-Finally块包裹在代码的较小部分周围,这样你就有更好的机会更快地找到错误,并且可能从异常中恢复并继续部分逻辑.在您的一个异常处理程序场景中,如果发生任何错误,则不执行其余逻辑,它还可以查找错误发生的位置更加困难.这提出了最终的建议,让你的方法做得更少;需要滚动多个页面的方法做得太多,很难理解和维护,几乎无法在其他任何地方重复使用.

您也不应该只使用基本Exception,因为这是一个包含所有类型的异常,并且无法深入了解实际发生的更具体异常的类型.

转载注明原文:在VB.NET中适当的异常处理 - 代码日志