linux-nginx负载均衡器打开的文件太多

我有一个负载平衡器,但出现此类错误:

2017/09/12 11:18:38 [crit] 22348#22348: accept4() failed (24: Too many open files)
2017/09/12 11:18:38 [alert] 22348#22348: *4288962 socket() failed (24: Too many open files) while connecting to upstream, client: x.x.x.x, server: example.com, request: "GET /xxx.jpg HTTP/1.1", upstream: "http://y.y.y.y:80/xxx.jpg", host: "example.com", referrer: "https://example.com/some-page"
2017/09/12 11:18:38 [crit] 22348#22348: *4288962 open() "/usr/local/nginx/html/50x.html" failed (24: Too many open files), client: x.x.x.x, server: example.com, request: "GET /xxx.jpg HTTP/1.1", upstream: "http://y.y.y.y:80/xxx.jpg", host: "example.com", referrer: "https://example.com/some-page"

nginx版本:nginx / 1.10.1

操作系统:Debian GNU / Linux 8(jessie)

有趣的是,并非总是会出错.通常,我会收到30-50行错误,然后5-10分钟内什么也没有.然后一旦错误再次出现…

这是我的nginx.conf:

user                    www-data;
pid                     /usr/local/nginx/nginx.pid;
worker_processes        auto;

error_log               /var/log/nginx/error.log;

events {
    worker_connections  30000;
}

http {
    include             mime.types;
    default_type        application/octet-stream;

    fastcgi_buffers 16 16k;
    fastcgi_buffer_size 32k;

    proxy_buffer_size   128k;
    proxy_buffers   4 256k;
    proxy_busy_buffers_size   256k;
    client_max_body_size 500m;
    rewrite_log on;

    log_format          main    '$remote_addr - "$proxy_add_x_forwarded_for" -  [$time_local] "$request" '
                                '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
                                '"$http_user_agent" "$backend" '
                                'rt=$request_time uct="$upstream_connect_time" '
                                'uht="$upstream_header_time" urt="$upstream_response_time"';

    access_log          /var/log/nginx/access.log main;

    sendfile            on;
    tcp_nopush          on;
    tcp_nodelay         on;
    keepalive_timeout   65;

    geoip_country    /etc/nginx/geodb/GeoIP.dat;
    geoip_city       /etc/nginx/geodb/GeoLiteCity.dat;

    include             /etc/nginx/loadbalancer/loadbalancer.conf;

}

还有一些信息:

$ulimit -Hn
65536
$ulimit -Sn
65536
$sysctl fs.file-nr
fs.file-nr = 2848   0   70000

我不知道这是否值得,但是这个负载均衡器落后于cloudflare.

最佳答案
我已将以下行添加到nginx.conf中:

worker_rlimit_nofile    20000;

现在工作了,自修改以来我没有收到任何错误.

我希望如果有同样的问题,它将对某人有所帮助.

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