c-扩展特征参考类

我正在尝试扩展Ref Eigen类,以便使用自定义类.我有以下代码:

#include <iostream>
#include <eigen3/Eigen/Dense>

class Interface {
public:
    virtual ~Interface() {
    }
    virtual void customMethod() const = 0;
};

class MyVectorType: public Eigen::Matrix<double, 3, 1, Eigen::DontAlign>,
        public Interface {
public:
    MyVectorType(void) :
            Eigen::Matrix<double, 3, 1, Eigen::DontAlign>() {
    }
    typedef Eigen::Matrix<double, 3, 1, Eigen::DontAlign> Base;
    // This constructor allows you to construct MyVectorType from Eigen expressions
    template<typename OtherDerived>
    MyVectorType(const Eigen::MatrixBase<OtherDerived>& other) :
            Eigen::Matrix<double, 3, 1, Eigen::DontAlign>(other) {
    }
    // This method allows you to assign Eigen expressions to MyVectorType
    template<typename OtherDerived>
    MyVectorType & operator=(const Eigen::MatrixBase<OtherDerived>& other) {
        this->Base::operator=(other);
        return *this;
    }
    virtual void customMethod() const {
        std::cout << rows() << std::endl;
    }
};

template<typename T, int Options>
class MyRef: public Eigen::Ref<typename T::Base, Options, Eigen::Stride<0, 0> >,
        public Interface {
public:
    typedef Eigen::Ref<typename T::Base, Options, Eigen::Stride<0, 0> > Base;
    template<typename Derived>
    MyRef(Eigen::DenseBase<Derived>& expr) :
            Eigen::Ref<typename T::Base, Options, Eigen::Stride<0, 0> >(expr) {
    }
    virtual void customMethod() const {
        std::cout << rows() << std::endl; // <-----error
    }
    EIGEN_INHERIT_ASSIGNMENT_OPERATORS(MyRef)};

template<typename T, int Options>
class MyRef<const T, Options> : public Eigen::Ref<typename T::Base, Options,
        Eigen::Stride<0, 0> >, public Interface {
public:
    template<typename Derived>
    MyRef(const Eigen::DenseBase<Derived>& expr) :
            Eigen::Ref<typename T::Base, Options, Eigen::Stride<0, 0> >(expr) {
    }
    virtual void customMethod() const {
        std::cout << rows() << std::endl; // <-----error
    }
};

void init(MyRef<MyVectorType, Eigen::Unaligned> m) {
    m.customMethod();
}

int main() {
    Eigen::Matrix<double, Eigen::Dynamic, Eigen::Dynamic, Eigen::AutoAlign, 12,
            12> mm(3, 1);
    Eigen::Map<MyVectorType::Base> map(mm.data(), 3, 1);
    MyRef<MyVectorType, Eigen::Unaligned> ref(map);
    init(ref);
    std::cout << mm << std::endl;
    return 0;
}

为了调用诸如init()方法之类的自定义方法,必须在MyVectorType和MyRef之间使用相同的接口.所以我想使用一个接口类.

问题:由于无法在MyRef中调用rows(),因此无法编译此代码,因此我不理解如何访问MyVectorType或Ref类中的基础数据来调用其他方法.

我尝试了派生()来访问,但是它不起作用.我看了一下源代码,但我不明白如何在DenseBase的所有接口上正常使用Ref.我想为我的自定义方法做同样的事情.

Gcc错误:

../main.cpp:49:16: error: there are no arguments to ‘rows’ that depend on a template parameter, so a declaration of ‘rows’ must be available [-fpermissive]
   std::cout << rows() << std::endl;
                ^~~~
../main.cpp:49:16: note: (if you use ‘-fpermissive’, G++ will accept your code, but allowing the use of an undeclared name is deprecated)
../main.cpp: In member function ‘virtual void MyRef<const T, Options>::customMethod() const’:
../main.cpp:63:16: error: there are no arguments to ‘rows’ that depend on a template parameter, so a declaration of ‘rows’ must be available [-fpermissive]
   std::cout << rows() << std::endl;
                ^~~~
最佳答案
当基类依赖于模板参数时,即使仅使用Derived类中的member_base从Base继承的Derived(假设)member_base也不等同于this-> member_base.

那是

template<typename T>
class Base { public:    void member_base(); };

template<typename T>
class Derived : Base<T> 
{
public:
    void member_derived() 
    {
        member_base(); // calls external(global) member_base() or error
    }
};

在您的情况下,rows()发生的情况与上述情况完全相同.

您需要使用this->或Base< T> :::,对于所有成员,您都是从Base继承的.

就你而言

this->row() 

要么

Eigen::Ref<typename T::Base, Options, Eigen::Stride<0, 0> >::rows()

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